This article discusses the approaches that peace operations have taken to address organized
crime and explores strategies to improve their effectiveness. In the last twenty years, the U.N.
has produced relevant threat assessments and conventions, enhanced its use of technology
in peacekeeping missions, and increased the authority and number of police deployed.
However, significant gaps still remain in the effectiveness of assessments and U.N. doctrine,
its police and technical capabilities, intelligence gathering, and coordination with regional
organizations. Using relevant case studies, this article demonstrates how improvements in
exploitation of available technologies and in preparedness for interactions with criminalized
power structures can ensure better outcomes for peacekeeping operations.