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Electricity Generation in Ethiopia Open Access

Ethiopia is considered by many to be one of the most under-developed nations in the world. In 2017, population is estimated with approximately 104.96 million, which ranks 14th in the world. With almost 34% of its population is under the poverty line, Ethiopia is projected to higher economic growth brought with it positive trends in poverty reduction in both urban and rural areas. The energy sector is one of the fast-growing sectors in the country. With regards to electricity, Ethiopia is generating around 4284 MW from hydro, diesel, geothermal and wind power plants, and this generation is projected to increase to 45,000MW by 2065, with the new Growth and Transformation Plans (GTP1 and GTP2) and increasing utilization of wind and solar in generation electricity in mainly rural areas. In this project, we have briefly studied the state of affairs in Ethiopia with major regards to electricity generation in Ethiopia. The study was focused on the North Gondar zone in Ethiopia being one of the most economically backward zones of the country facing major electricity shortage problems. The study covers the current situations and proposes feasible solutions to tackle the problems based on interviews conducted with experts and data available on the internet.

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