While Southeast Asia has experienced substantial economic and commercial growth in
recent years, transnational criminal organizations have sought to prey upon the success.
Among these groups, few are more economically draining than maritime pirates. These actors
operate outside the bounds of traditional state control, crossing international boundaries, and
flouting international and national laws. While individual attacks are typically limited in scope,
consisting primarily of minor robberies and assaults, they have had devastating cumulative
effects on international trade. If Southeast Asia is to continue its precipitous economic rise,
states with interests in the region must take substantial steps to combat maritime piracy. This
paper proposes four distinct yet complementary policy recommendations to address the root
issues of poor coordination, weak institutions, cultural rivalry, and economic insecurity. By
doing so, states with significant interests in Southeast Asia can decrease the risk of maritime
piracy and its negative effects on trade and development in the region.