Culture, Time-Orientation, Coping Styles and their Effects on Procrastination Open Access
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With the rapid development of new media in the present age, procrastination has become increasingly prevalent, especially among students. With considerable negative consequences on physical and mental health, academic and career achievements and financial and relationship aspects, a sizable body of research have examined various factors that influence the extent to which individuals procrastinate. However, most current research studying procrastination focuses on western, English-speaking countries. Also, though some research identifies time-orientation can be a significant predictor of procrastination, few study connect culture influence with time-orientation. Building on other studies, this project seeks to understand whether individuals’ time-orientations and copy styles mediate the influence of culture on procrastination. Theoretically, this study will fill in the gap of the previous study and extend people’s understanding of procrastination. Data are being collected from undergraduate students at the George Washington University. Participants will be approximately 75 domestic American students and 75 sojourning students originally from China. Participants will be asked to fill out a survey questionnaire that measures people’s considerations for future consequences, coping styles, motives of social media use, and tendency to procrastinate. Collected data will be analyzed using statistical analysis techniques, such as multiple regression. Results from the research will support or reject the following hypotheses: H1: Chinese students will have greater concern for future consequences than American students. H2: Concern for future consequence will be negatively associated with the use of social media to escape/relax, and will be positively associated with the use of social media to learn/get help. H3: The use of social media to escape/relax is positively associated with the tendency to procrastinate, whereas the use of social media to learn/get help is negatively associated with the tendency to procrastinate. H4: Concern for future consequences and motives for social media use will mediate the effect of culture on the tendency to procrastinate. The research will deepen people’s understanding of the role of culture and social media use in shaping individuals’ tendencies to procrastinate, thus helping people, especially college students, to control their procrastination tendencies.