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Linear Enamel Hypoplasia as a Systemic Stress Indicator in Chalcolithic & Late Bronze Age Megiddo Open Access

The goal of this project was to use linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH) as a systemic stress indicator to assess differences in the prevalence of stress within and between the Chalcolithic and Late Bronze Age (LBA) samples from the Smithsonian's Megiddo collection. This was done through macroscopic observation, with chi-square tests and supplemental Fisher Exact Tests used to assess statistical significance. There were no significant differences when comparing: Chalcolithic/LBA Teeth overall, Chalcolithic/LBA anterior teeth, Chalcolithic/LBA individuals, males/females overall, Late Bronze Age males/females, Chalcolithic males/females, Chalcolithic/LBA males, Chalcolithic/LBA females, child/adult permanent teeth, child/adult permanent and deciduous teeth, and tombs T-1103/T-903 Upper. Statistically significant differences did exist in comparisons between tombs T-910/T-1103 and T-910/T-903 Upper due to the high prevalence of LEH in the theoretically richer T-910. This is hypothesized to be due to either the osteological paradox or a nutritional deficit in high status individuals as a result of conspicuous consumption of low-nutrition, high-prestige food.

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