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Studying the New Town Movement for the Benefit of New Urbanism Open Access

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America is statistically diversifying on the large scale. Yet, simultaneously there is documented racial and socioeconomic homogenization on the micro level. Recently, this has led to tensions and conflicts between differing socioeconomic and racial groups, as exhibited in Baltimore, Maryland, Oakland, California, and Ferguson, Missouri. Some community planners have suggested New Urbanism as a possible solution to homogenization. A half century ago the New Town movement also attempted to address the issue. This paper will evaluate two prime examples of the New Town movement: Reston, Virginia and Columbia, Maryland. It will consider how each community approached homogenization differently and the affects of said approaches on the population. Then the evaluation will be applied to New Urbanism, to see what can be learned from the New Town Movement.

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