With the rise of internal conflicts and insurgency groups since the end of the Cold War, international
norms regarding human rights have grown exponentially, developing into international law that seeks to
hold States accountable. While not all countries are party to international justice mechanisms like the
International Criminal Court, human rights undoubtedly concern the entire international community.
Armed conflicts that boast longevity and depth of reach are therefore especially worrisome in the face of
norms and institutions that aim to ensure respect for human rights and protect the victims of the conflict.
Colombia, a country that has suffered from an armed conflict lasting more than a half century, has recently
begun its transition from a post-settlement to a post-conflict society with the culmination of the Final
Agreement to End the Conflict and Build a Stable and Lasting Peace. However, Colombia’s successful
journey to a post-conflict society is contingent upon the functionality of its newly created transitional
justice system. A particularly precarious yet critical component of Colombia’s Transitional Justice System
is the Special Jurisdiction for Peace. In order for Colombia to achieve sustainable peace and protect victims’
rights, the extrajudicial and judicial aspects of the system must work to complement each other.