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Does Higher Education Impact the Regional Unemployment Rate in Spain? Open Access

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This paper examines seventeen Spanish regions from 2001 to 2011 and how the differences in male versus female educational attainment explains Spain's regional unemployment rate. Using a panel regression, results indicate there is a lower unemployment rate across northern regions compared to southern regions in Spain. The results further provide evidence that women who complete tertiary education have a larger impact on regional unemployment rates than men. Overall this study concludes both men and women who complete tertiary education positively increase the regional unemployment rate. Lastly, this paper looks at the effects of the 2008 financial crisis which conclusively increased regional unemployment rates in Spain. Through the positive effects of men and women who complete tertiary education and the 2008 financial crisis, this study concludes that the labor market in Spain may be saturated. A growing labor force illustrates the availability of jobs for educated laborers may be low.

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