Electronic Thesis/Dissertation


Gender and Culture Influences on Leadership Perceptions Open Access

This study examines how demographic characteristics of culture and gender contribute, in part, to the perceptions of leadership in multi-national organizations. Although gender and culture tend to be salient individual characteristics, few studies have investigated the role of gender in cross-cultural contexts within a leadership perception's framework. The current study examined main effects of gender and the cultural dimensions of power distance, individualism-collectivism, masculinity-femininity, and uncertainty avoidance, as well as interaction patterns of these variables. The study used archival data from a multi-national organization, employing a large sample of respondents. Measurement equivalence across cultures was established. The findings provided support for the influence of power distance, masculinity-femininity, and uncertainty avoidance on leadership perceptions, and partial support for the impact of individualism-collectivism. Further, the study showed that females from high power distance, collectivistic, and feminine cultures perceived their leaders more favorably than females from low power distance, individualistic, or masculine cultures as well as males across all cultures. Practical and statistical significance of the findings, as well as implications for leadership perceptions in international contexts, are discussed.

Author Language Keyword Date created Type of Work Rights statement GW Unit Degree Advisor Committee Member(s) Persistent URL

Notice to Authors

If you are the author of this work and you have any questions about the information on this page, please use the Contact form to get in touch with us.