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Challenging the Patriarchal System: Lower and Middle-Class Iranian; Case Study of Military Wives During the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988 Open Access

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AbstractPatriarchy as a dominant social norm was visible inside many traditionalist countries. Iran was no exception, where women struggled for a long time with this dominant norm. During the last century, women in Iran had the opportunity to experience many reform in their rights theoretically including written law. This thesis demonstrates how lower and middle-class women during Iran-Iraq War practically challenged this dominant patriarchal system. Through an analysis of interviews and statistical evidence regarding lower and middle-class military wives from 1980-1988, this thesis aims to indicate the elements that influenced women’s path to promote their socio-political status in family, social, and political spheres. The thesis contributes information on the increasing status of Iranian women in the above-mentioned areas.

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