Room For Growth: EU Gender Mainstreaming Policy In Hungarian Rural Development Open Access
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Increasing women’s leadership and labor are critical elements of rural development across Europe. European Commission (EC) regulations for the 2007-2013 rural development planning period state that equality between women and men must be promoted in all stages of rural development programming, yet do not set down specific regulations to monitor and ensure compliance. Hungary, with its considerable expenditures on rural development relative to other EU nations, presents an interesting case study of how supranational gender equality policies may be interpreted and translated at a national-level. Rural women in Hungary have distinctly limited opportunities in terms of leadership, educational attainment, labor, and entrepreneurship. However, national policies have not always directly addressed the needs of rural women, and as a result, programs may not remedy gender-based inequalities. Using mixed methods, this research examines how political constructions, invocations, and translations of gender affect rural women’s leadership, education, labor, and entrepreneurship.