"Do You Know What It Means to Be a Woman?": Negotiating Kemalism and State Feminism During the Transition to a Multi-Party Republic in Turkey Open Access
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Historians emerging out of the proliferation of Western feminist movements in the 1980s and 1990s in Turkey have generally agreed upon a periodization of the history of Turkish women's movements that is divided into three periods: the late Ottoman; the early Republic; and the 1980s. By analyzing the discourse surrounding women's labor in Kadın Gazetesi, a biweekly women's newspaper, this thesis proposes that women were active in contesting their role in the Turkish civic order in the period between the late 1940s and the middle of the 1950s. That this was the peak of the Democratic Party's popularity in Turkey is significant; this thesis argues that women's opinions should not be read outside of the wider intellectual milieu that increasingly looked critically at Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's Republican People's Party.