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Verifying Scope 3 Greenhouse Gases in the Federal Supply Chain Open Access

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In part one of the paper, Background on Reporting GHG Emissions, the paper will provide background on the need and benefits of tracking and reporting GHG emissions both for the private sector and the Federal Government. In part two, General Impacts on the Procurement System, the paper will address the general benefits and burdens of verification of GHG emissions in terms of federal procurement goals. In part three, Self- and Second-Party Verification: Seeds of a Successful Method, the paper will examine both potentially positive and negative impacts to the federal procurement system from the two verification methods rejected in the Section 13 Report recommendations. In part four, Third-Party Verification: A Preferable Method, the paper will examine the potential positive impacts to the federal procurement system from the recommended verification method in the Section 13 Report. In part five, Cons of Third-Party Verification: Oversight without Participation, this paper will examine the potential negative impacts to the federal procurement system from the method of verification recommended by the Section 13 Report. In part six, A Proposed Solution for GHG Verification, the paper will propose an alternative solution for verification of GHG emissions along the federal supply chain through use of a hybrid methodology. The paper argues that elements of all three verification methods should be utilized to maximize desirable impacts and minimize undesirable impacts to the federal procurement system, in light of using Scope 3 emissions data to support contract award decisions.

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