Collective Territorial Rights of the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico: A Path to Increased Self-Determination Open Access
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As the original inhabitants of Mexico, the indigenous peoples of Mexico have cultural, social, and economic traditions that span millennia. Nonetheless, they have a centuries-long history of marginalization within this land. External forces beyond their communities and within their own country have consistently pushed these groups to leave their volitions and their traditional territories behind. I argue that collective territorial rights are a means for self-determination for the indigenous peoples of Mexico. As this subset of human rights become more precarious and endangered by economic and political interests, preserving them becomes a crucial priority. Threats to territorial rights further deprive indigenous communities the opportunity to choose from a catalog of already limited options. More specifically, I explore the conceptions of indigenous peoples under international instruments and national law, collective land rights in the country, and relevant frameworks for self-determination. In addition, I examine how collective territoriality helps move away from discrimination, land developments and their economic implications for self-determination, and the limits of implementation.