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CHORUS Code for Solar and Planetary Convection Open Access

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Turbulent, density stratified convection is ubiquitous in stars and planets. Numerical simulation has become an indispensable tool for understanding it. A primary contribution of this dissertation work is the creation of the Compressible High-ORder Unstructured Spectral-difference (CHORUS) code for simulating the convection and related fluid dynamics in the interiors of stars and planets. In this work, the CHORUS code is verified by using two newly defined benchmark cases and demonstrates excellent parallel performance. It has unique potential to simulate challenging physical phenomena such as multi-scale solar convection, core convection, and convection in oblate, rapidly-rotating stars.In order to exploit its unique capabilities, the CHORUS code has been extended to perform the first 3D simulations of convection in oblate, rapidly rotating solar-type stars. New insights are obtained with respect to the influence of oblateness on the convective structure and heat flux transport. With the presence of oblateness resulting from the centrifugal force effect, the convective structure in the polar regions decouples from the main convective modes in the equatorial regions. Our convection simulations predict that heat flux peaks in both the polar and equatorial regions, contrary to previous theoretical results that predict darker equators. High latitudinal zonal jets are also observed in the simulations.

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