Analytical Methods and Perturbation Theory for the Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem of Astrodynamics Open Access
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The distinguishing characteristic of the elliptic restricted three-body problem from that of the circular case is a pulsating potential field resulting in non-autonomous and non-integrable spacecraft dynamics, which are difficult to model using classical methods of analysis. The purpose of this study is to harness modern methods of analytical perturbation theory to normalize the system dynamics about the circular restricted three-body problem and about one of the triangular Lagrange points. The normalization is achieved through a canonical transformation of the system Hamiltonian function based on the Lie transform method introduced by Hori and Deprit in the 1960s. The classic method derives a near-identity transformation of a Hamiltonian function expanded about a single parameter such that the transformed system possesses ideal properties of integrability. One of the major contributions of this study is to extend the normalization method to two-parameter expansions and to non-autonomous Hamiltonian systems. The two-parameter extension is used to normalize the system dynamics of the elliptic restricted three-body problem such that the stability of the triangular Lagrange points may be determined using the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem. Further dynamical analysis is performed in the transformed phase space in terms of local integrals of motion akin to Jacobi's integral of the circular restricted three-body problem. The local phase space around the Lagrange point is foliated by invariant tori that effectively separate the planar dynamics into qualitative regions of motion. Additional analysis is presented for the incorporation of control into the normalization routine with the goal of eliminating the non-circular secular perturbations. The control method is validated on a test case and applied to the elliptic restricted three-body problem for the purposes of stabilizing the motion around the triangular Lagrange points.