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The Impact of Sanctuary Policies on Victimization and Discrimination among Latino Immigrants Open Access

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Contributing to the growing body of research on the impact of sanctuary policies on crime, this paper examines the relationship between enacted policies and reported experiences of victimization and discrimination among the Latino population across immigrant generations using the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). Situated within the immigration-crime nexus, individual-level analyses have consistently demonstrated that immigrants are less crime-prone than their native counterparts, and at the aggregate-level, studies demonstrate either no empirical relationship or that immigrants are associated with statistically significant lower overall crime rates. In response to the highly-publicized concerns regarding ‘law and order’ in sanctuary cities, the immigration-crime literature has expanded to examine linkages between sanctuary policies and crime, focusing on changes in overall violent crime and/or property crime. However, individual-level impacts have yet to be examined. Using confidential data from the ELS:2002, American Community Survey data, and the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report data, logistic regression models are employed to examine the relationships between sanctuary status and victimization and discrimination. The findings demonstrate no empirical relationship between sanctuary policies and victimization or discrimination; however, do demonstrate an interaction effect between the presence of sanctuary policies in reducing victimization for second generation Latinos.

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