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U.S. and NATO Cyber Defense: Bridging the Resource Gap with a Centralized Market Structure Open Access

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This paper will examine how the organizational structures of the U.S. military and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) evolved to address the proliferating array of cyber threats. One of the gaps in military cybersecurity is the growing demand for qualified cyber security personnel. Estonia and other countries have employed all-volunteer cyber militias to help protect national security during emergencies. However, the U.S. and NATO are not in the political or legal position to rely upon an all-civilian group. Utilizing Thomas Malone's framework for business, the U.S. military and NATO could abandon their traditional hierarchies and embrace a centralized market model in order to delegate some of their cybersecurity tasks. One way to decentralize their structures is to modify the Estonian Cyber Defense League model by further implementing their reserves systems. They could hire skilled civilian technology professionals through their reserves, eventually creating Cyber Defense Leagues that are primarily comprised of non-commissioned officers.

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