A Framework for Application of System Engineering Process Models to Sustainable Design of High Performance Buildings Open Access
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Building owners, designers and constructors are seeing a rapid increase in the number of sustainably designed high performance buildings. These buildings provide numerous benefits to the owners and occupants to include improved indoor air quality, energy efficiency, and environmental site standards; and ultimately enhance productivity for the building occupants. As the demand increases for higher building energy efficiency and environmental standards, application of a set of process models will support consistency, traceability and optimization during the design process. Systems engineering process models have proven effective in taking an integrated and comprehensive view of a system while allowing for clear stakeholder engagement, requirements definition, life cycle analysis, technology insertion, validation and verification. This dissertation overlays systems engineering on the sustainable facility design process by providing a framework for application of the Waterfall, Vee or Spiral process models to the design and construction of high performance buildings. The sustainable design process is mapped to each process model and is evaluated for its applicability to projects and building types. Adaptations of the models are provided as High performance building Process Models. The novel application presented provides a starting point for incorporation, research and use of systems engineering process models in other industries beyond those currently using them, as well as a portable and consistent process model for use with High Performance Buildings that can serve as a baseline for process improvement.