Scale Development and Validation to Measure the Dimensions of Contemporary Career Development Organizational Culture Open Access
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The contemporary career (Arthur, 2008) has received attention from several career researchers who have conceptualized it in various ways, the most prominent being the protean career (Hall, 2002) and the boundaryless career (Arthur, 1994; Arthur & Rousseau, 1996). Although multidimensional in conceptualization, contemporary careers have been operationalized in much of the research with a narrow focus, resulting in a perception that such careers are individualistic and lack concern for the environment (Mayrhofer, Meyer, Iellatchitch and Schiffinger, 2004; Parker, Arthur, & Inkson, 2004). Capturing the holistic nature of the contemporary career, the Learning, Meaning-making, Organizing (LMO) model is proposed in this study to reflect the balance between agency and harmony inherent in the contemporary career, thus providing a stronger basis for future research and exploration of the contemporary career concept. Further, recognizing the significance of contemporary careers not only for individual learning but also for organizations, industry regions, sectors, and ultimately, national and international economies (Arthur & Rousseau, 1996; Khapova & Arthur, 2011), the dimensions of a contemporary career development organizational culture (CCDOC) were extrapolated from the LMO model. A preliminary scale was developed to measure the CCDOC dimensions. After expert validation and face validation, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted to establish empirical validity for a six factor structure, and finally a confirmatory factor analysis was conducted on a sample of 291 participants, which showed a good fit between the model and data. Thus, the findings of this study provide theoretical and empirical support to the CCDOC scale through evidence of construct validity, content validity, face validity, reliability, and factor structure reflecting its conceptual foundation. It opens new avenues for research on contemporary careers. The CCDOC is also a practical tool that can be used for organizational culture diagnosis as a precursor for organization change and development.