The Effectiveness of the Integrative Career Counseling Model Open Access
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Career counseling traditionally is a short-term intervention and, as viewed by many counselors, is something different from personal counseling (Manuele-Adkins, 1992). Manuele-Adkins (1992) suggested that counselors often limit intervention strategies to interest testing, exploratory activities, and exposure to career resource materials, which leaves little time to focus on the psychological aspects of career indecision and conflict. Further, frequently ignoring interrelationships between the personal and career domains, career counselors have a tendency to be myopic in focus (Brown, 1986). This study explored the experiences of clients in metropolitan Washington, DC, who experienced one of two approaches to career counseling. One counselor utilized methods that are more traditional, whereas the other counselor implemented an integrative approach, blending career counseling and mental health counseling. Career counseling clients seeing one of the two career counselors participated in semi-structured interviews and two written self-report measures between February 2013 and April 2013. Themes emerged from the data, and these findings have implications for future study of client experiences in integrative career counseling approaches.