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MULTISCALE MODELING AND SIMULATION FOR NANO/MICRO MATERIALS Open Access

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Continuum description and atomic description used to be two distinct methods in the community of modeling and simulations. Science and technology have become so advanced that our understanding of many physical phenomena involves the concepts of both. So our goal now is to build a bridge to make atoms and continua communicate with each other.Micromorphic theory (MMT) envisions a material body as a continuous collection of deformable particles; each possesses finite size and inner structure. It is considered as the most successful top-down formulation of a two-level continuum model to bridge the gap between the micro level and macro level. Therefore MMT can be expected to unveil many new classes of physical phenomena that fall beyond classical field theories. In this work, the constitutive equations for generalized Micromorphic thermoviscoelastic solid and generalized Micromorphic fluid have been formulated.To enlarge the domain of applicability of MMT, from nano, micro to macro, we take a bottom-up approach to re-derive the generalized atomistic field theory (AFT) comprehensively and completely and establish the relationship between AFT and MMT. Finite element (FE) method is then implemented to pursue the numerical solutions of the governing equations derived in AFT. When the finest mesh is used, i.e., the size of FE mesh is equal to the lattice constant of the material, the computational model becomes identical to molecular dynamics simulation. When a coarse mesh is used, the resulting model is a coarse-grained model, the majority of the degrees of freedom are eliminated and the computational cost is largely reduced. When the coarse mesh and finest mesh exist concurrently, i.e., the finest mesh is used in the critical regions and the coarser mesh is used in the far field, it leads naturally to a concurrent atomistic/continuum model.Atomic scale, coarse-grained scale and concurrent atomistic/continuum simulations have demonstrated the potential capability of AFT to simulate most grand challenging problems in nano/micro physics, and shown that AFT has the advantages of both atomic model and MMT. Therefore, AFT has accomplished the mission to bridge the gap between continuum mechanics and atomic physics.

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