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  1. Racing up to the Bottom: Work and Welfare in the US, Working Paper 001 [Download]

    Title: Racing up to the Bottom: Work and Welfare in the US, Working Paper 001
    Author: Stoker, Robert P.
    Description: This paper describes the work support system, estimates the income provided by work support programs in the fifty American states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), and comments about the potential and limitations of the system as a means to alleviate poverty among poor workers. The income provided by work support programs varies from place to place and according to family structure and work patterns. Of course, the extent of participation in work support programs is also a crucial consideration. Total income provided by the system is estimated as the sum of earned income for full time, minimum wage work and the estimated value of benefits provided by work support programs for a family of three with two children.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/17/2015
  2. The Impact of Family Homeownership on Children's Educational Attainment and Earnings During Early Adulthood, Working Paper 004 [Download]

    Title: The Impact of Family Homeownership on Children's Educational Attainment and Earnings During Early Adulthood, Working Paper 004
    Author: Galster, George
    Description: Previous studies attempting to estimate the relative importance of family, neighborhood, residential stability, wealth, and homeownership status characteristics of childhood environments on young adult outcomes have: (1) treated these variables as though they were independent, and (2) employed inadequate methods to control for household selection effects. Our study offers advancements in both areas. First, it treats the key explanatory variables above as endogenously determined (sometimes simultaneously so). Second, to deal both with this endogeneity and the selection problem, we compute instrumental estimates for childhood average values of endogenous explanatory variables and use them to estimate relationships with young adult educational and labor market attainments. We analyze data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) that are geocoded to Census tract data. Using this panel data set, we follow children born between 1968 and 1974 and observe their adult outcomes as of 1999 when they are between 25 and 31 years of age. We are thus able to document a wide range of background and circumstantial characteristics for the first 18 years of children’s lives. We find via OLS that, compared to children who never experience a home owned by parents, those who spend half of their first 18 years in home(s) owned by their parents (which corresponds to the average experience in our sample) would be predicted to have, all else equal, a 17.3 percentage point (19 percent of the mean) - higher high school completion rate. Our preliminary instrumental variable explorations suggest that these relationships may actually be even stronger.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/18/2015
  3. The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 1, Number 1, 2010 [Download]

    Title: The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 1, Number 1, 2010
    Author: GWU Pre-Law Student Association
    Description:
    Keywords: Pre-Law, Student works, Undergraduate works
    Date Uploaded: 09/18/2015
  4. Privileged Place: Race, Uneven Development and the Geography of Opportunity in Urban America, Working Paper 002 [Download]

    Title: Privileged Place: Race, Uneven Development and the Geography of Opportunity in Urban America, Working Paper 002
    Author: Squires, Gregory
    Description: David Rusk, former Mayor of Albuquerque, New Mexico, has observed that “bad neighborhoods defeat good programs.” This paper identifies the underlying causes of bad neighborhoods along with their costs to local residents and residents throughout the region. It is a critical essay that traces recent patterns of uneven metropolitan development, the social forces generating these patterns, their many costs, and potential remedies. It demonstrates how the interrelated processes of sprawl, concentration of poverty, and racial segregation shape the opportunity structure facing diverse segments of the nation’s urban and metropolitan population. In so doing, it draws on recent scholarly literature from various disciplines, government data and documents, research institute reports, and the mass media. Topics addressed include income and wealth disparities, employment opportunities, housing patterns, access to health care, and exposure to crime. While recognizing the role of individual choice and human capital, the paper focuses on public policy decisions and related private sector activities in determining how place and race shape the opportunity structure of metropolitan areas. Finally, the paper explores various policy options to sever the linkages among place, race, and privilege in the nation’s urban communities.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/23/2015
  5. Cities and State Legislatures: Changing Coalitions and the Metropolitan Agenda, Working Paper 003 [Download]

    Title: Cities and State Legislatures: Changing Coalitions and the Metropolitan Agenda, Working Paper 003
    Author: Wolman, Harold
    Description: Throughout American history cities have lobbied their states in order to obtain funding and to protect or enhance their legal authority. States are responsible for the foundational legislation that determines city powers and resources; likewise issues crucial to the fate of cities are fought out each year in state legislatures. The importance of state decision making for cities increased with the new federalism of the 1970s and it has continued to grow as the federal government has delegated more responsibility to state governments in recent decades. However, the enhanced importance of states comes at a time when cities have lost political strength in state legislatures. Once reliable urban strategies such as logrolling, coalitions with legislators from other distressed areas of the state, and control of the Democratic Party caucus are less effective in state legislatures as cities have lost population and as urban delegations have become less cohesive. As urban political strength has ebbed, a growing chorus of analysts has argued that cities can no longer go it alone and must engage in broader regional strategies in order to thrive. Our study examines whether cities have embraced these new ideas as they formulate their strategies in state politics. We ask two questions: First, what do cities want out of their state governments, i.e., what issues are at the top of their lobbying agenda? Second, what methods or coalitional strategies do they use to achieve their political goals? Focusing on politics in Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, and New York over the past decade we show that cities set defensive and reactive legislative priorities designed largely to preserve existing arrangements; urban leaders, especially mayors, showed little initiative in pressing for new regionalist ideas in these state legislatures. City leaders continued to rely heavily on older political strategies of logrolling and party caucus alliances. But as such strategies have become less dependable cities have looked to a much broader range of political alliances to win desired legislation. Their limited success suggests the need for more creative approaches to defining urban priorities in state legislatures and for more vigorous efforts to build common interests across geographical boundaries.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/23/2015
  6. The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 2, Number 1, April 2012 [Download]

    Title: The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 2, Number 1, April 2012
    Author: GWU Pre-Law Student Association
    Description:
    Keywords: Pre-Law, Student works, Undergraduate works
    Date Uploaded: 09/24/2015
  7. The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 5, Number 1, May 2015 [Download]

    Title: The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 5, Number 1, May 2015
    Author: GWU Pre-Law Student Association
    Description:
    Keywords: Pre-Law, Student works, Undergraduate works
    Date Uploaded: 09/24/2015
  8. The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review Volume 4, Number 1, May 2014 [Download]

    Title: The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review Volume 4, Number 1, May 2014
    Author: GWU Pre-Law Student Association
    Description:
    Keywords: Pre-Law, Student works, Undergraduate works
    Date Uploaded: 09/24/2015
  9. The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 3 Number 1 April 2013 [Download]

    Title: The George Washington Undergraduate Law Review, Volume 3 Number 1 April 2013
    Author: GWU Pre-Law Student Association
    Description:
    Keywords: Pre-Law, Student works, Undergraduate works
    Date Uploaded: 09/24/2015
  10. Recommendations for the Design of the Federal Docket Management System, Working Paper 008 [Download]

    Title: Recommendations for the Design of the Federal Docket Management System, Working Paper 008
    Author: Coglianese, Cary
    Description: In recent years, regulatory agencies, Congress, and the White House have taken steps to increase the use of information technology in the management of the rulemaking process. The latest such “e-rulemaking” effort is the design of a new, government-wide regulatory information system being developed by Bush Administration. The system, known as the Federal Docket Management System, will for the first time make all information pertaining to federal regulation available to the public via the Internet. By making information about government regulation available on-line, the Administration’s eRulemaking Initiative seeks to improve the quality and legitimacy of the government’s regulatory decisions. If developed properly, the Initiative’s new online docket management system can also facilitate academic research that in the longer term should improve regulatory policymaking. The recommendations in this paper, joined by a group of fifty-five other scholars of regulation, were originally delivered in a letter to the Office of Management and Budget, which is spearheading the Administration’s eRulemaking Initiative. The paper describes the information currently maintained by government agencies and emphasizes the importance of ensuring that no loss of information occurs in making the transition to the on-line system. It also offers steps that the administration should take to ensure a high level of quality of the information stored in the new system as well as effective search and downloading capabilities.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/28/2015