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  1. Politics of Sectarianism, POMEPS Studies 4 [Download]

    Title: Politics of Sectarianism, POMEPS Studies 4
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: The explosion of Sunni-Shiite conflict in recent years has very little do to with intrinsic religious differences or with 1,400 years of Islamic history. It should instead be understood as an entirely typical example of identity politics, one in which sectarian differences happen to be the most easily available to politicians hoping to exploit them for cynical purposes. It looks much the same as the ethnic and religious polarization that ripped apart the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. The sectarian polarization in Bahrain or Syria has followed very similar patterns to the Islamist-secularist polarization in Egypt and Tunisia. Responding to these sectarian tensions by embracing authoritarian states, focusing on religious authorities or exegesis, or promoting cross sectarian reconciliation will miss the point. Today’s sectarianism is political to the core — even ifit increasingly seems at risk of racing beyond the control of its cynical enablers. Interpreting Sunni-Shiite conflict as just another manifestation of a millennia-old conflict repeats a broadly essentialist position which tends to be the first resort every time ethnic or sectarian violence breaks out. The political approach to sectarianism makes painfully clear that it did not have to be like this. Sectarian conflict is not the natural response to the fall of a strongman. The Bahraini activists who demanded political reform and human rights did not have to be tarred as Iranian assets and smeared as Shiite separatists. Syrian non-violent activists could have developed and enforced a compelling vision of a non-sectarian post-Assad alternative. Gulf Islamists and regimes could have opted not to use sectarianism to generate support for the Syrian insurgency. The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and its enemies could have opted for cooperation and inclusion rather than spiraling polarization and confrontation. But this approach also offers little optimism about the future. The painful reality is that sectarianism proved too useful to too many powerful actors, and too compelling a narrative in a violent, turbulent, and uncertain time, to be avoided.
    Keywords: Extremeism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  2. New Salafi Politics, POMEPS Studies 2 [Download]

    Title: New Salafi Politics, POMEPS Studies 2
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: Who are these new Salafi movements? How should we interpret their rise? This collects more than a dozen recent ForeignPolicy.com essays on Salafis across the Arab world, including a detailed look at Salafi politics in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Lebanon, Bahrain, Syria, and Saudi Arabia. The picture that emerges is troubling — but also unexpectedly reassuring. These well-funded and well-entrenched subcultures will likely continue to thrive in the open, contentious new Arab political realm. But how they will behave, the response they will generate from other political trends and societal sectors, and how they will approach political institutions remains very much in question.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  3. The Arab Thermidor: The Resurgence of the Security State, POMEPS Studies 11 [Download]

    Title: The Arab Thermidor: The Resurgence of the Security State, POMEPS Studies 11
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: How should we understand the authoritarian resurgence in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings? In October 2014, Toby Dodge and I [Marc Lynch]jointly convened a POMEPS-London School of Economics workshop to dig more deeply into the causes, mechanisms, and drivers of what he called “The Arab Thermidor.” More than a dozen scholars looked deeply at specific sectors such as the military, police and intelligence services, different countries, and the broader regional environment. Some of the papers produced for that workshop have been published on the Monkey Cage, and all of them have today been released as POMEPS Studies 11 The Arab Thermidor: The Resurgence of the Security State, available as a free downloadable PDF. The papers in this collection offer a sharp, comprehensive, and acute look at the resurgence and persistence of the Arab authoritarian state.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Secuirty
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  4. Political Science of Syria's War, POMEPS Studies 5 [Download]

    Title: Political Science of Syria's War, POMEPS Studies 5
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: This special POMEPS Brief collects the memos prepared for that conference, along with several articles previously published on the Middle East Channel. The overall conclusion of most of the contributors will come as no surprise: The prospects for either a military or a negotiated resolution of Syria’s war are exceedingly grim. But that’s only part of the story. More interesting, perhaps, are the reasons that Syria seems so resistant to resolution — and how international policies have contributed to the problem.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  5. Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings, POMEPS Studies 18 [Download]

    Title: Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings, POMEPS Studies 18
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: The Project on Middle East Political Science convened a virtual symposium with thirty political scientists examining how the turmoil of the last five years have affected Arab politics. Those essays, many of them originally published on the Monkey Cage, are now available for open access download as an issue of POMEPS Studies. Those essays offer an ambivalent, nuanced perspective on what has and has not changed in the region since 2011 – and point to the many challenges to come. The new politics shaped by the Arab uprising can be tracked along multiple levels of analysis, including regional international relations, regimes, states, and ideas: Regional international relations; Regimes and Political Systems; States; and: Ideas and identities.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  6. Gender and Violent Extremism: Examining the Psychology of Women Participating in Non-State Armed Groups [Download]

    Title: Gender and Violent Extremism: Examining the Psychology of Women Participating in Non-State Armed Groups
    Author: Dougherty, Rebecca and P. Kathleen Frier
    Description: This paper seeks to understand which factors make women vulnerable or averse to radicalization, and asks: do these factors differ from those that drive men into violent extremist groups? Understanding similarities and differences between men and women with regard to radicalization will enable policymakers to develop policies that effectively prevent and disrupt violent extremism.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  7. Decennial Self-Study for Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE) October 2017 Draft [Download]

    Title: Decennial Self-Study for Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE) October 2017 Draft
    Author: Steering Committee and Working Groups, Office of the Provost
    Description: The university is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE), a voluntary membership association of colleges and universities located in the mid-Atlantic region. As part of GW’s accreditation process, a comprehensive self-study that evaluates the university’s progress over the past decade has been developed. This draft was posted on the Provost's website and opened for comments from the GW community. Institutions in MSCHE’s jurisdiction undergo reaccreditation every 10 years. The multiyear process involves a self-study, a campus visit from a team of academics and administrators from other institutions who have read the self-study, and a ruling on the accreditation status of the institution. MSCHE accreditation applies across the university, regardless of accreditation processes for individual schools or programs. In early 2016, GW formed a steering committee for its upcoming accreditation process, which is led by Paul Duff, professor of religion, and Cheryl Beil, associate provost for academic planning and assessment. In addition to the steering committee, eight working groups composed of representatives of all 10 GW schools are focused on: 1. Mission and goals 2. Ethics and integrity 3. Design and delivery of student learning experience 4. Support of student learning experience 5. Educational effectiveness assessment 6. Planning, resources and institutional improvement 7. Governance, leadership and administration 8. Compliance with accreditation-relevant federal regulations
    Keywords: Middle States Commission on Higher Education , Self-Study, GW Office of the Provost , Accreditation , University Archives
    Date Uploaded: 10/24/2017
  8. Terrorism in the U.S. Jan. 2016 Update [Download]

    Title: Terrorism in the U.S. Jan. 2016 Update
    Author: GW Program on Extremism
    Description: Our monthly updates detail terrorism-related activities and court proceedings in the United States.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  9. Fear Thy Neighbor: Radicalization and Jihadist Attacks in the West [Download]

    Title: Fear Thy Neighbor: Radicalization and Jihadist Attacks in the West
    Author: Vidino, Lorenzo
    Description: This report examines all jihadist-motivated terrorist attacks carried out in Europe and North America since the declaration of the Caliphate by the Islamic State group in June 2014. By analyzing the 51 attacks and their perpetrators, this study constitutes the first comprehensive account of attacks carried out during the past three years.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  10. Late Night Politics: Using Moral Foundations Theory to Analyze Political Satire [Download]

    Title: Late Night Politics: Using Moral Foundations Theory to Analyze Political Satire
    Author: Grant, Caden
    Description:
    Keywords: The Eckles Prize for Freshman Research Excellence
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017