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  1. How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance [Download]

    Title: How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Although spending on U.S. regulatory programs has doubled in the last 20 years, that trend is unlikely to last. How these programs manage budget cuts will determine whether downsizing harms or helps regulatory performance. Leaders of regulatory agencies must avoid satisfying tighter budgets with temporary “mindless austerity” measures that anger workers. Instead managers should use scarcity to find, with workers, “frugal innovations” that can significantly and permanently improve program value.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  2. Congressional Review Act Fact Sheet [Download]

    Title: Congressional Review Act Fact Sheet
    Author: Pérez, Daniel R.
    Description: Congress enacted the Congressional Review Act (CRA) on March 29, 1996 as part of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) in an effort to increase its oversight of federal agency rulemaking. The CRA includes several parliamentary mechanisms, explained below, that enable Congress to disapprove a final rule issued by a federal agency.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  3. Implementing a Two-for-One Regulatory Requirement in the U.S. [Download]

    Title: Implementing a Two-for-One Regulatory Requirement in the U.S.
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: President-elect Trump committed to “a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations need to be eliminated” or what could be called a “two-for-one” requirement. The implementation of such a regulatory “pay as you go” process raises a number of issues including: what constitutes a “new regulation”; how offsets should be measured; estimating and managing additional analytic and administrative workload; enforcement; and how to increase the likelihood such a policy survives the next presidential transition. This working paper presents the advantages and disadvantages of various options for implementing a two-for-one policy, and also discusses the role of regulatory benefits estimates in such a system.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  4. Shining a Light on Regulatory Costs [Download]

    Title: Shining a Light on Regulatory Costs
    Author: Mannix, Brian F.
    Description: President Trump’s Executive Order 13771, Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs, has caused some confusion among the analysts, inside and outside federal agencies, who forecast the economic effects of regulations. Which effects should count as costs and which as benefits? It sounds like it should be an easy question, but it is not. Here are some wrinkles to consider.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Cost-Analysis, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  5. Reforming the Energy Policy and Conservation Act: Learning from Experience on Energy Efficiency [Download]

    Title: Reforming the Energy Policy and Conservation Act: Learning from Experience on Energy Efficiency
    Author: Miller, Sofie E.
    Description: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, grants the Department of Energy (DOE) broad authority to regulate the maximum energy intensiveness of everyday household appliances such as microwaves and dishwashers. As the pace of these energy efficiency regulations has increased, the effects of these standards—and the analyses on which they are based—reveal a need to revisit this statutory authority to reduce burdens for consumers.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Energy, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  6. Agricultural Productivity and the Impact of Regulation: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 2 [Download]

    Title: Agricultural Productivity and the Impact of Regulation: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 2
    Author: Prasad, Aryamala
    Description: As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center produced a five-chapter report on regulatory differences between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) and their effects on agricultural productivity. Those chapters are published here as a working paper series with five parts. This chapter provides focuses on the impact of agricultural policy, specifically regulation, in influencing agricultural productivity across jurisdictions. It begins by tracing agricultural growth in the EU and U.S. to illustrate their respective trends for agricultural productivity. Then, drawing from the literature, it identifies measures and methodologies used to estimate the impact of regulation on productivity. Finally, it outlines important differences regarding how regulations can affect agricultural productivity and other measures of agricultural performance such as output and production costs in the EU and the U.S.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy , Agriculture
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017