Skip to Content

Search

You searched for: Keyword Public policy Remove constraint Keyword: Public policy

Search Results

  1. When Environmental Quality Isn’t the Goal: New EPA Fuel Standards Foul the Air [Download]

    Title: When Environmental Quality Isn’t the Goal: New EPA Fuel Standards Foul the Air
    Author: Miller, Sofie E.
    Description: Environmental Protection Agency regulations are sometimes presented as economically efficient, correcting a market failure and maximizing net social benefits; other times they appear to subordinate that goal and instead pursue the single-minded objective of reduced pollution. And sometimes they go in another direction altogether. By the EPA’s own accounting, the newest Renewable Fuel Standard achieves neither economic efficiency nor improved environmental quality, and it leaves the public paying the price.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/31/2018
  2. Enhancing Science and Policy for Chemical Risk Assessments [Download]

    Title: Enhancing Science and Policy for Chemical Risk Assessments
    Author: Regulatory Studies Center
    Description: Risk assessment plays an important role in developing effective regulations, especially in the areas of health and environmental policy. A recent workshop at the George Washington University explored best practices for Enhancing Science and Policy for Chemical Risk Assessments. This summary highlights the themes of the workshop. We expect to post presentations and a more detailed summary of the afternoon discussions soon. Given the interest in the topic, and the constructive discussion the workshop facilitated, we also expect to follow the dialogue with future workshops and recommendations for improving how science is used in rulemaking.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/31/2018
  3. Are We Witnessing a Regulatory Drawback? [Download]

    Title: Are We Witnessing a Regulatory Drawback?
    Author: Dudley, Susan
    Description: The role of regulation in the economy is getting a lot of attention this election year, with warnings of a regulatory tsunami if President Obama is reelected or deregulation if Governor Romney wins. Government data on regulatory trends can help cut through the rhetoric and offer interesting insights into what to expect depending on the outcome of the November elections.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  4. Independent Regulatory Agencies Should be More Accountable [Download]

    Title: Independent Regulatory Agencies Should be More Accountable
    Author: Dudley, Susan
    Description: Should government regulators think through the likely effects of proposed regulations to see whether they’ll do more good than harm? Every president for over 30 years has thought so, and required executive branch agencies to analyze regulatory impacts before imposing new requirements, and to send them for review by the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget. However, because of their historical designation as “independent,” some agencies have been exempt from these common-sense requirements, making their regulations less accountable and well-reasoned than others. This issue has recently gained the attention of the President’s Jobs Council, the Administrative Conference of the United States, and legislators in Congress.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  5. CSAPR Remand Uncomfortable on Many Levels [Download]

    Title: CSAPR Remand Uncomfortable on Many Levels
    Author: Dudley, Susan
    Description: Last week, the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit sent the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) back to the Environmental Protection Agency for revision. The court found that the rule, which would limit emissions from power plants in Texas and Eastern states, was unconstitutional because it went beyond EPA’s statutory mandate.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  6. Improving Regulatory Transparency and Accountability [Download]

    Title: Improving Regulatory Transparency and Accountability
    Author: Dudley, Susan
    Description: The Advisory Committee on Transparency (a project of the Sunlight Foundation that advises the Congressional Transparency Caucus) will hold a panel discussion on August 20th on the role of OMB’s Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. In particular, panelists (including me) are asked to discuss whether OIRA’s focus on regulatory impact analysis is appropriate and whether its interactions with regulatory agencies are adequately transparent.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  7. Growth in Regulators’ Budget Slowed by Fiscal Stalemate [Download]

    Title: Growth in Regulators’ Budget Slowed by Fiscal Stalemate
    Author: Dudley, Susan
    Description: Each year we examine the Budget of the United States Government to identify the resources and personnel devoted to developing and enforcing federal regulations that affect private behavior. This year’s report, Growth in Regulators’ Budget Slowed by Fiscal Stalemate, presents annual budget outlays and staffing levels from fiscal year 1960 to 2011, as well as estimated levels for fiscal years 2012 and 2013. Though these on-budget costs of regulation represent a small fraction of the full burden of regulations to society (and do not provide information on regulations’ benefits) the time-series data presented offer useful insights into the growth and changing composition of regulation over the last half-century. The estimated regulators’ budget for fiscal years 2012 and 2013 reflects regulatory priorities such as homeland security, food and drug regulation, and financial market regulation, as well as the budget compromise reached between the President and Congress in December 2012, and continuing actions to cut domestic spending. As estimated here, the President’s proposed budget for regulation seeks $58.7 billion in FY 2013, a real (inflation-adjusted) decline of 2.1 percent from estimated FY 2012 outlays, which at $59.1 billion, are 8.6 percent higher than FY 2011.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  8. The Value of Human Dignity: An Analysis of DOJ’s Prison Rape Rule [Download]

    Title: The Value of Human Dignity: An Analysis of DOJ’s Prison Rape Rule
    Author: Miller, Sofie
    Description: Since President Obama issued Executive Order 13563, Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review in early 2011, some onlookers have wondered how and to what extent regulators will consider human dignity as a regulatory analysis input. The executive order stressed the role of both quantitative and qualitative costs and benefits in shaping regulations, and, among other things, encouraged regulatory agencies to include the impacts of regulation on human dignity when promulgating new rules: “Where appropriate and permitted by law, each agency may consider (and discuss qualitatively) values that are difficult or impossible to quantify, including equity, human dignity, fairness, and distributive impacts.”
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  9. Setting the Wrong Standard DOE’s Latest Appliance Efficiency Rules [Download]

    Title: Setting the Wrong Standard DOE’s Latest Appliance Efficiency Rules
    Author: Miller, Sofie
    Description: The Department of Energy recently issued a direct final rule setting energy efficiency standards for an appliance that is used in most American residences: dishwashers. These standards, effective in September, are intended to reduce American energy consumption, decrease global greenhouse gas emissions, and lower American consumers’ energy bills long-term. However, examining the Department’s regulatory impact analysis raises questions as to whether the rule is economically justified, as required by statute.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018
  10. Regulators’ Budget & Jobs: An Update [Download]

    Title: Regulators’ Budget & Jobs: An Update
    Author: Sinclair, Tara M.
    Description: Recent commentary on our Regulatory Studies Center Working Paper, “Regulation, Jobs, and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis” made the valid point that inclusion of a time trend in our estimates would improve the robustness of our model. Thus in this commentary, we update our preferred model to include an exogenous time trend. The impulse response functions after including a time trend in the model are presented in Figure 1 on the following page.1 As the Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal and Economic Public Policy Studies Policy Perspective No. 12-01, “Regulatory Expenditures, Economic Growth and Jobs: A Reply to Comments,” claimed, this does result in a negative point estimate for the impact of an increase in the Regulators’ Budget on private employment and, for some periods, private GDP. However, based on the traditional two standard deviation confidence intervals we report here, none of the estimates are statistically significantly different from zero. This finding is consistent with the overall conclusions of our Regulatory Policy Commentary and our Working Paper.
    Keywords: Regulation, Commentaries, Federal government, Regulatory policy, Public policy, Regulatory studies
    Date Uploaded: 03/30/2018