Skip to Content

Search

You searched for: Keyword Politics Remove constraint Keyword: Politics

Search Results

  1. Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Competition: Recommendations for Implementing Executive Order 13725 [Download]

    Title: Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Competition: Recommendations for Implementing Executive Order 13725
    Author: Miller, Sofie E.
    Description: Since the formation of the U.S. federal regulatory system, regulations have had a significant influence on marketplace competition. Regulations often seek to improve competition by restraining monopolies; others tend to reduce competition by establishing one-size-fits-all standards for consumer products or acting as nontariff barriers limiting competition from foreign trade partners. Recognizing the importance of this relationship, on April 15th President Barack Obama signed an Executive Order instructing federal agencies to identify and address barriers to competition. This Executive Order provides agencies with a valuable opportunity to reevaluate existing rules that create barriers to competition.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  2. Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies, Part I: A Review of Government-Wide Efforts [Download]

    Title: Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies, Part I: A Review of Government-Wide Efforts
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Policymakers in the United States show persistent interest in improving the accountability of federal regulatory agencies. Before mandating further requirements, Congress and the President should (1) identify government-wide accountability initiatives that were already attempted at regulatory agencies and (2) assess the outcome of those efforts. The relative success or failure of these efforts could help guide the design and implementation of future regulatory reforms. This Regulatory Insight is the first in a series of 3 on this topic. It fulfills the first of these tasks by identifying eight major government-wide accountability initiatives in the United States that were also implemented at regulatory agencies.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper , Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  3. Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies: Part II: Assessing Eight Government-wide Accountability Reforms [Download]

    Title: Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies: Part II: Assessing Eight Government-wide Accountability Reforms
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Greater accountability at regulatory agencies is desirable because (1) the public has a right to know how government affects society and (2) greater accountability improves agency performance. As described in the previous Insight in this series, the United States attempted eight major government-wide initiatives to increase accountability at federal agencies, including regulatory agencies. This Insight reviews public and expert opinion, which indicate these initiatives failed to improve accountability. New proposals to improve accountability at regulatory agencies could benefit from understanding why previous efforts fell short. The next Insight in this series will examine what lessons we can learn from the failure of these eight initiatives.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Accountability
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  4. How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance [Download]

    Title: How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Although spending on U.S. regulatory programs has doubled in the last 20 years, that trend is unlikely to last. How these programs manage budget cuts will determine whether downsizing harms or helps regulatory performance. Leaders of regulatory agencies must avoid satisfying tighter budgets with temporary “mindless austerity” measures that anger workers. Instead managers should use scarcity to find, with workers, “frugal innovations” that can significantly and permanently improve program value.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  5. Congressional Review Act Fact Sheet [Download]

    Title: Congressional Review Act Fact Sheet
    Author: Pérez, Daniel R.
    Description: Congress enacted the Congressional Review Act (CRA) on March 29, 1996 as part of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) in an effort to increase its oversight of federal agency rulemaking. The CRA includes several parliamentary mechanisms, explained below, that enable Congress to disapprove a final rule issued by a federal agency.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  6. Implementing a Two-for-One Regulatory Requirement in the U.S. [Download]

    Title: Implementing a Two-for-One Regulatory Requirement in the U.S.
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: President-elect Trump committed to “a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations need to be eliminated” or what could be called a “two-for-one” requirement. The implementation of such a regulatory “pay as you go” process raises a number of issues including: what constitutes a “new regulation”; how offsets should be measured; estimating and managing additional analytic and administrative workload; enforcement; and how to increase the likelihood such a policy survives the next presidential transition. This working paper presents the advantages and disadvantages of various options for implementing a two-for-one policy, and also discusses the role of regulatory benefits estimates in such a system.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  7. Ten Regulatory Process Reforms President-Elect Trump Could Undertake [Download]

    Title: Ten Regulatory Process Reforms President-Elect Trump Could Undertake
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: President-elect Trump has promised to “reform the entire regulatory code to ensure that we keep jobs and wealth in America.”To that end, scholars at the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center offer a list of 10 reforms to regulatory processes that could be accomplished through executive action. While other potential reforms could be achieved through the courts or by working with congress, these reforms focus on actions that are within the purview of the executive branch.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  8. The Next Regulatory Czar [Download]

    Title: The Next Regulatory Czar
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: To accomplish his promised overhaul of the U.S. regulatory system, President Trump will need the help of a small office that most people outside of Washington have never heard of. The Office of Information & Regulatory Affairs (OIRA, pronounced Oh-Eye-Ruh), established in 1980, oversees the regulatory, information collection, and statistical activities of federal executive branch agencies. Like its budget counterparts in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), it provides the president with a tool to check agencies’ natural proclivity to want more (whether it’s more budget resources or more regulatory authority). As President Trump prepares to announce his nominee to be OIRA administrator, this Regulatory Insight provides an inside look at the functions of this important office, its origins and procedures, and why some (including this author) say the job of OIRA administrator is the best job in Washington.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Politics, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  9. Review of Emily Sun's Succeeding King Lear: Literature, Exposure, and the Possibility of Politics [Download]

    Title: Review of Emily Sun's Succeeding King Lear: Literature, Exposure, and the Possibility of Politics
    Author: Joubin, Alexa Alice
    Description: English Romantic reception of King Lear is an important part of Shakespeare's afterlife. This book investigates Anglo-American post-Romanticist readings and appropriations of Lear as a seminal text on the relationship between literature and politics, specifically succession as a philosophical and political issue in British Romanticism and American modernism. The book suggests that King Lear helps William Wordsworth, journalist James Agee, and photographer Walker Evans articulate their anxieties about literary representation and political successions.
    Keywords: William Wordsworth, William Shakespeare, Romanticism, King Lear, American modernism, Photography, Politics, Succession
    Date Uploaded: 11/20/2017
  10. Rethinking Empowerment: Evidence from Local Empowerment Zone Programs [Download]

    Title: Rethinking Empowerment: Evidence from Local Empowerment Zone Programs
    Author: Rich, Michael
    Description: The legacy of the federal government's Empowerment Zone initiative is contested. The evidence undergirding the initiative's legacy, however, is based primarily on models that estimate national effects. We use an alternative evaluation strategy that places greater emphasis on local Empowerment Zones as distinct programs. Our findings show that several cities did produce improvements that likely can be attributed to the EZ initiative. The results, however, are not consistent across outcomes or cities. Our findings suggest that what happens locally is a vital concern for federal urban policy and also informative for local communities with responsibility for crafting and executing revitalization strategies.
    Keywords: Politics, Governance, Urban poverty, Empowerment
    Date Uploaded: 05/08/2017