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  1. U.S. Politics at Work: The Impact of Leader-Follower Political Alignment [Download]

    Title: U.S. Politics at Work: The Impact of Leader-Follower Political Alignment
    Author: Foley, Kira
    Description: In the aftermath of the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election, the American Psychological Association has identified politics as a workplace issue on which little organizational research has been done to date. The current study helps fill this gap by examining the effects of employees' perceived political alignment (PPA) with one’s leader on job satisfaction and job-related stress. PPA is defined as the extent to which employees believe their own political ideology (i.e., conservatism) to be in alignment with their perceptions of their leader’s political ideology. Data was collected in an online survey, distributed to participants (n = 688) via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. Results from two moderated-mediation models indicate that PPA is positively related to job satisfaction and negatively related to job stress, such that those who felt their political ideology was more aligned with that of their leader’s experienced more job satisfaction and less job-related stress as compared to individuals who felt less politically aligned with their leader. These relationships were both mediated by the quality of leader-member-exchange. Contrary to predictions, the mediated impact of PPA on job satisfaction and stress was not moderated by interest in politics, tolerance for opposing political views, or company’s disclosure policies. However, our findings that the impact of PPA on job satisfaction and stress held across individuals with differing levels of general interest in politics, tolerance for diverse opinions, as well as across organizations with differing levels of acceptance of expression of political views in the workplace, suggests robust effects that generalize to many individuals, organizations and industries. Implications for how research and practice can leverage these results to address the role of national politics in workplace relations are addressed.
    Keywords: Research Days 2018, Organizational psychology, Politics, Political ideology
    Date Uploaded: 04/14/2018
  2. Washington, DC’s 1973 Acquisition of Home Rule after One Hundred Years: Confronting the Issues of Race and Representation in the Nation’s Capital [Download]

    Title: Washington, DC’s 1973 Acquisition of Home Rule after One Hundred Years: Confronting the Issues of Race and Representation in the Nation’s Capital
    Author: Niekrasz, Emily
    Description: Walter E. Fauntroy became Washington, DC’s first non-voting representative in Congress on March 23, 1971. Washingtonians had been without self-government for nearly a century, so as the district’s first Congressman, Fauntroy pushed for home rule legislation, overpowering opponents by threatening their political power. On July 19, 1973, Representative Fauntroy warned Frank Annunzio, a white representative from Chicago, about the threat of Republicans mobilizing black voters in order to remove Democrats from power. As examples, he cited the two cases of District Committee members John L. McMillan and Earle Cabell who were defeated as a result of “dramatic shifts in the black vote away from the Democratic party.” McMillan’s defeat was particularly notable, for as Chairman of the House District Committee, he led a group of white, southern segregationists in blocking home rule legislation from the House floor for over 20 years. In this letter, Fauntroy strongly implied that if representatives did not support DC home rule, as in the cases of McMillan and Cabell, they faced the possibility of losing their seats. Fauntroy concluded, “I am anxious to discuss my concerns...and offer some suggestions as to how I and other Black colleagues of mine, can be of assistance in nullifying such a strategy by our Republican opponents.”1 While Fauntroy claimed to be reaching out as a fellow Democrat, concerned with the position of his colleague against Republican opposition, he was, perhaps not so subtly, threatening Annunzio with the rising power of black voters nationally, in order to achieve self- governance for his own district.
    Keywords: Julian Clement Chase Prize, Washington, D.C., Politics, Home rule, Race
    Date Uploaded: 03/20/2018
  3. Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Competition: Recommendations for Implementing Executive Order 13725 [Download]

    Title: Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Competition: Recommendations for Implementing Executive Order 13725
    Author: Miller, Sofie E.
    Description: Since the formation of the U.S. federal regulatory system, regulations have had a significant influence on marketplace competition. Regulations often seek to improve competition by restraining monopolies; others tend to reduce competition by establishing one-size-fits-all standards for consumer products or acting as nontariff barriers limiting competition from foreign trade partners. Recognizing the importance of this relationship, on April 15th President Barack Obama signed an Executive Order instructing federal agencies to identify and address barriers to competition. This Executive Order provides agencies with a valuable opportunity to reevaluate existing rules that create barriers to competition.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  4. Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies, Part I: A Review of Government-Wide Efforts [Download]

    Title: Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies, Part I: A Review of Government-Wide Efforts
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Policymakers in the United States show persistent interest in improving the accountability of federal regulatory agencies. Before mandating further requirements, Congress and the President should (1) identify government-wide accountability initiatives that were already attempted at regulatory agencies and (2) assess the outcome of those efforts. The relative success or failure of these efforts could help guide the design and implementation of future regulatory reforms. This Regulatory Insight is the first in a series of 3 on this topic. It fulfills the first of these tasks by identifying eight major government-wide accountability initiatives in the United States that were also implemented at regulatory agencies.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper , Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  5. Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies: Part II: Assessing Eight Government-wide Accountability Reforms [Download]

    Title: Improving the Accountability of Federal Regulatory Agencies: Part II: Assessing Eight Government-wide Accountability Reforms
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Greater accountability at regulatory agencies is desirable because (1) the public has a right to know how government affects society and (2) greater accountability improves agency performance. As described in the previous Insight in this series, the United States attempted eight major government-wide initiatives to increase accountability at federal agencies, including regulatory agencies. This Insight reviews public and expert opinion, which indicate these initiatives failed to improve accountability. New proposals to improve accountability at regulatory agencies could benefit from understanding why previous efforts fell short. The next Insight in this series will examine what lessons we can learn from the failure of these eight initiatives.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Accountability
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  6. How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance [Download]

    Title: How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Although spending on U.S. regulatory programs has doubled in the last 20 years, that trend is unlikely to last. How these programs manage budget cuts will determine whether downsizing harms or helps regulatory performance. Leaders of regulatory agencies must avoid satisfying tighter budgets with temporary “mindless austerity” measures that anger workers. Instead managers should use scarcity to find, with workers, “frugal innovations” that can significantly and permanently improve program value.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  7. Congressional Review Act Fact Sheet [Download]

    Title: Congressional Review Act Fact Sheet
    Author: Pérez, Daniel R.
    Description: Congress enacted the Congressional Review Act (CRA) on March 29, 1996 as part of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) in an effort to increase its oversight of federal agency rulemaking. The CRA includes several parliamentary mechanisms, explained below, that enable Congress to disapprove a final rule issued by a federal agency.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  8. Implementing a Two-for-One Regulatory Requirement in the U.S. [Download]

    Title: Implementing a Two-for-One Regulatory Requirement in the U.S.
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: President-elect Trump committed to “a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations need to be eliminated” or what could be called a “two-for-one” requirement. The implementation of such a regulatory “pay as you go” process raises a number of issues including: what constitutes a “new regulation”; how offsets should be measured; estimating and managing additional analytic and administrative workload; enforcement; and how to increase the likelihood such a policy survives the next presidential transition. This working paper presents the advantages and disadvantages of various options for implementing a two-for-one policy, and also discusses the role of regulatory benefits estimates in such a system.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  9. Ten Regulatory Process Reforms President-Elect Trump Could Undertake [Download]

    Title: Ten Regulatory Process Reforms President-Elect Trump Could Undertake
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: President-elect Trump has promised to “reform the entire regulatory code to ensure that we keep jobs and wealth in America.”To that end, scholars at the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center offer a list of 10 reforms to regulatory processes that could be accomplished through executive action. While other potential reforms could be achieved through the courts or by working with congress, these reforms focus on actions that are within the purview of the executive branch.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  10. The Next Regulatory Czar [Download]

    Title: The Next Regulatory Czar
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: To accomplish his promised overhaul of the U.S. regulatory system, President Trump will need the help of a small office that most people outside of Washington have never heard of. The Office of Information & Regulatory Affairs (OIRA, pronounced Oh-Eye-Ruh), established in 1980, oversees the regulatory, information collection, and statistical activities of federal executive branch agencies. Like its budget counterparts in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), it provides the president with a tool to check agencies’ natural proclivity to want more (whether it’s more budget resources or more regulatory authority). As President Trump prepares to announce his nominee to be OIRA administrator, this Regulatory Insight provides an inside look at the functions of this important office, its origins and procedures, and why some (including this author) say the job of OIRA administrator is the best job in Washington.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Politics, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017