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  1. Cultural Heritage in Iraq and Afghanistan: A Comparative Analysis of the Failures of International Cultural Property Law [Download]

    Title: Cultural Heritage in Iraq and Afghanistan: A Comparative Analysis of the Failures of International Cultural Property Law
    Author: Kavita, Oza
    Description: In the past decade, international politicians have been obsessively seeking to eliminate the threat of terrorist groups in the arena of politics and power. Though we have come a long way from where we stood twenty years ago, insurgency groups consistently finds alternative methods to fuel their existence. In today’s international and political struggle for power, financing acts of terrorism have approached much more creative methods. International bodies of politics, power and law have become intertwined with the art market. In fact, buyers and sellers are being warned to be extremely cautious handling the transactions involving antiquities arriving from the Middle East or areas of development because of their possible link to ISIL, Al Qaeda, and various other groups. In order words, terrorist organizations are not only looting cultural property from the states in which they operate, but, in order to generate income, they also sell these artifacts. These antiquities often carry a significant, often priceless, historical and cultural meaning to their country of origin. Monetarily, they are also extremely valuable to both a buyer adding to his collection, and a seller increasing his portfolio. And though art dealers may not be keen on supporting any type of transaction involving terrorist organizations, the lack of transparency within the system makes it increasingly hard to tell which potential acquisition has dangerous consequences. Often times, these risky consequences are ignored for the prestige of the possession of such items. Though dealing with art is not the only source of income for terrorist groups, securing any financial acquisitions is imperative to their existence and success. However, the burden of the continued distribution of antiquities does not rest entirely on these organizations. In order for this kind of market to exist, there must be a demand. Indeed, as we have seen over the past decade, art dealers are more than happy to ignore the provenance of certain pieces. Selling these types of antiquities in the black market involves the transfer and handling of a lot of money - millions of US dollars. At this price level, the antiquities are often associated with the prestigious actors or even governments. Too often, state governments do not take actions “required” by the body of international law under which the states carry out their relations with one another. The outcome of this negligence is contributing to the threats posed by and existence of terrorist organizations. In order to evaluate the relationship and overlap between art and international law, this paper will first look cases of art dealing with the United States, Cambodia, and Afghanistan. The paper will point out the actions of these governments and actors within them, notably Hobby Lobby, the Khmer Rouge, and the Taliban, respectively. The paper will then move onto the answer several questions regarding international law relating to each of these cases.
    Keywords: Research Days 2018, International affairs, Elliott School of International Affairs, Art history, International law, Middle East, Iraq, Afghanistan, Cultural heritage
    Date Uploaded: 04/14/2018
  2. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 38: Asia’s Reckoning: China, Japan, and the Fate of US Power in the Pacific Century [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 38: Asia’s Reckoning: China, Japan, and the Fate of US Power in the Pacific Century
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: China’s rise to power has been accompanied by its increased assertiveness in Asia. As it has established itself as the dominant power in the region, Chinese ambitions have often clashed with interests of other powers, especially Japan. A conflict in Asia has the potential to reverberate across the world today since China and Japan are the fulcrum of international trade. The pragmatism of the two Asian giants means that the possibility of an armed conflict occurring is low. However, recent escalation of tensions especially over the Senkaku/Diaoyudao Islands means that a conflict is likely now more than ever. What does this entail for the US role in the region? Richard McGregor, journalist and a former visiting scholar at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies discusses the bilateral history of China and Japan and addresses the question of the US role in light of the changing dynamics in the region in his new book Asia’s Reckoning: China, Japan and the Fate of US Power in the Pacific Century.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs, China, Japan, Antagonism, Pax Americana, Senkaku/Diaoyudao, Nationalism
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  3. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 36: Taiwan Goes to the Polls: Ramifications of Change at Home and Abroad [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 36: Taiwan Goes to the Polls: Ramifications of Change at Home and Abroad
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: As Taiwan casts votes for a new government in January 2016, the world is watching closely to see how the election might shake up Taipei’s domestic policies and its relationships with neighbors. Polls indicate the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) candidate, Tsai Ing-wen, has a 2-to-1 lead over the ruling Kuomintang (KMT) and its candidate, Eric Chu, as well as the DPP likely securing a majority in the Legislative Yuan. The KMT is perceived by voters as being pro-China, so the shift in domestic politics driving the probable DPP victory may have profound implications for regional security and economic dynamics, not to mention U.S. foreign policy in East Asia. In this Asia Report, we present the analysis offered at a recent conference – Voting for Change: The Impact of Taiwan’s Upcoming Elections, sponsored by the Sigur Center for Asian Studies.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs, Taiwan, Election, Independence, KMT, DPP, China, Cross-strait
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  4. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 39: Energy Security in Asia and Eurasia: Are States Choosing Nationalism or Globalism? [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 39: Energy Security in Asia and Eurasia: Are States Choosing Nationalism or Globalism?
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: Asia’s need for energy resources has sparked new debates involving energy security within rising powers in the region. Increased economic development has pushed these countries to consider new strategies for energy procurement in the 21st century. Key Asian nations have invested in renewable energy sources in an effort to diversify their energy assets as well as to fuel their expansion in the coming years. But traditional sources for energy, mainly petroleum, are still tremendously important. Some analysts fear energy conflicts could develop out of countries’ desires to lock down supplies of petroleum outside of Asia.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, International affairs, Foreign affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Energy security, Eurasia, China, India, Japan, Globalist, Nationalist
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  5. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 34: Prospects for Expanding Taiwan’s International Role [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 34: Prospects for Expanding Taiwan’s International Role
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: Taiwan faces a host of challenges in its cross strait relations with a rising China. Among these challenges, Taiwan’s sovereignty and status affect Taiwan’s ability to effectively navigate international institutions and organizations. Nonetheless, Taiwan has made some gains in its participation in international institutions, particularly in the fields of global health and disaster relief. What are the implications of these gains for Taiwan, moving forward? These issues came under scrutiny at a Taiwan Roundtable on “Prospects for Expanding Taiwan’s International Role,” held at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies. The panel included Wei-chin Lee, Professor of Political Science, Wake Forest University, Bonnie Glaser, Senior Adviser for Asia and Freeman Chair in China Studies, Center for Strategic & International Studies, and Jacques deLisle, Professor of Law and Political Science and Director, Center for East Asian Studies, University of Pennsylvania.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs, Taiwan, One-China, International, Participation, Role, Soft power
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  6. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 37: The Face-Off in Doklam: Interpreting India-China Relations [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 37: The Face-Off in Doklam: Interpreting India-China Relations
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: The recent standoff between India and China on the Doklam plateau was the latest in an increasingly long history of conflict and unease along the nearly 2,500-mile border which has strained relations. Although the latest incursion by Chinese forces occurred in the Doklam region along Bhutan’s border with China, and not the Sino-Indian border, Indian personnel responded in kind to back up their Bhutanese neighbors. What is the background to this dispute and what does its disposition tell us about the state of India-China relations? Former Indian Foreign Secretary and diplomat Nirupama Rao recently delivered remarks at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies giving her insights on these questions.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, International affairs, Foreign affairs, Asian studies, Asia, India, China, Doklam, Bhutan, Border dispute, Arunachal Pradesh, Kashmir
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  7. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 35: The R.O.C. at the End of WWII [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 35: The R.O.C. at the End of WWII
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: 2015 served as the 70th anniversary of the end of WWII which was celebrated by many Asian countries, including the P.R.C. and Korea. Lost among much of this commemoration has been the role of the R.O.C. at the end of WWII, including its contribution to the Chinese victory over Japan and how this influenced subsequent events on the Mainland. These topics were discussed at a Taiwan Roundtable on “The R.O.C. at the End of WWII,” held at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies. The roundtable included opening remarks by Dr. Lyushun Shen, Representative, Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States (TECRO). Following his remarks, a panel of experts provided their insights, including James Hsiung, Professor of Political Science, New York University, William Kirby, T.M. Chang Professor of China Studies, Harvard University, and Maochun Yu, Professor, US Naval Academy.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs, WWII, Taiwan, Kai-Shek, Wartime, Contribution, KMT
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  8. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 32: Democratization in Asia: Lessons from Thailand’s Crisis [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 32: Democratization in Asia: Lessons from Thailand’s Crisis
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: Thailand’s socioeconomic development since the 1980s has changed the political demography of Thailand, leading to the rise of a new class that demands more political participation. Yet, the existing political system is resisting this change. What does this clash between society and political system indicate for potential change in Thailand? Is it a setback or a progress for the country’s democracy? These questions were addressed at the 19th Annual Gaston Sigur Memorial Lecture on “Democratization in Asia and the Intellectuals: Lessons from Thailand’s Crisis,” by Thongchai Winichakul, Professor of history at University of Wisconsin-Madison.
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs, Thailand, Crisis, Ethnic conflict, Democracy, Royalist, Military
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  9. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 33: Remaking India: Modi’s Blueprint to Align Foreign Policy with Domestic Agenda [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 33: Remaking India: Modi’s Blueprint to Align Foreign Policy with Domestic Agenda
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: Now that Narendra Modi’s rule has passed the one year mark, there has been no shortage of performance assessments. Most are focused on either the domestic front or the international front. But how are domestic priorities and international ambitions intersecting in Modi’s government? And what does it mean for India’s global standing? These questions were addressed by Ambassador Neelam Deo, Director of Gateway House in Mumbai, at a Sigur Center lecture on “Remaking India: Modi’s Blueprint to Align Foreign Policy with Domestic Agenda.”
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, ESIA, Sigur Center, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs, Modi, India, Defense, Reform, Infrastructure, Foreign policy, BJP, Economy
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018
  10. Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 30: Winners or Losers in the TPP? Taiwan, Its Neighbors, and the United States [Download]

    Title: Sigur Center Asia Report, Issue 30: Winners or Losers in the TPP? Taiwan, Its Neighbors, and the United States
    Author: Sigur Center for Asian Studies
    Description: The Obama Administration has renewed its efforts to get the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) through Congress over the past year. In addition to being the largest trade deal passed by the U.S. in several decades, the TPP may also serve as the economic linchpin of the U.S. “rebalance” to Asia and is of great importance to many of America’s Asian allies. In light of the continuing debate over TPP ratification, the Sigur Center for Asian Studies recently held a Taiwan Roundtable entitled “Winners or Losers in the TPP? Taiwan, its Neighbors, and the United States.” The panel assembled to discuss the different aspects of this proposed trade deal included Mireya Solís, Senior Fellow at the Brookings Center for East Asia Policy Studies, Shihoko Goto, Senior Northeast Asia Associate at the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Asia Program, and Derek Scissors, Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI).
    Keywords: Sigur Center Asia Report, Sigur Center, ESIA, Elliott School of International Affairs, Asian studies, Asia, Foreign affairs, International affairs
    Date Uploaded: 03/03/2018