Skip to Content

Search

You searched for: Keyword Economic Analysis Remove constraint Keyword: Economic Analysis

Search Results

  1. How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance [Download]

    Title: How Declining Budgets at U.S. Regulatory Agencies Could Improve Performance
    Author: Peacock, Marcus
    Description: Although spending on U.S. regulatory programs has doubled in the last 20 years, that trend is unlikely to last. How these programs manage budget cuts will determine whether downsizing harms or helps regulatory performance. Leaders of regulatory agencies must avoid satisfying tighter budgets with temporary “mindless austerity” measures that anger workers. Instead managers should use scarcity to find, with workers, “frugal innovations” that can significantly and permanently improve program value.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  2. U.S. Health Care Reform: Universal Insurance or Affordable Care? [Download]

    Title: U.S. Health Care Reform: Universal Insurance or Affordable Care?
    Author: King, Don W.
    Description: The U.S. leads the world in scientific discovery and medical innovation, and recent studies suggest that for many clinical conditions, U.S. patients have outcomes superior to or equivalent to those in other industrialized countries. However, U.S health insurance and medical care are very expensive, and Americans may be spending more on health care than is necessary to achieve the highest quality. While there are undoubtedly many reasons that insurance and care are expensive, present federal and state policies appear to be important factors.
    Keywords: Regulation , Health Care, Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy , Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  3. Agricultural Statistics: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 1 [Download]

    Title: Agricultural Statistics: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 1
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center produced a five-chapter report on regulatory differences between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) and their effects on agricultural productivity. Those chapters are published here as a working paper series with five parts. This chapter provides an overview of key statistical comparisons between the agricultural sectors of the U.S. and the EU. Its purpose is to highlight key economic indicators, describe the role that agriculture plays in each economy, and highlight differences in each jurisdiction’s respective factor endowments and trade patterns. In addition, this chapter updates key statistics contained within the USDA Economic Research Service’s (ERS) 2004 report: U.S. – EU Food and Agricultural Comparison
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy , Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Agriculture
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  4. Agricultural Productivity and the Impact of Regulation: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 2 [Download]

    Title: Agricultural Productivity and the Impact of Regulation: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 2
    Author: Prasad, Aryamala
    Description: As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center produced a five-chapter report on regulatory differences between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) and their effects on agricultural productivity. Those chapters are published here as a working paper series with five parts. This chapter provides focuses on the impact of agricultural policy, specifically regulation, in influencing agricultural productivity across jurisdictions. It begins by tracing agricultural growth in the EU and U.S. to illustrate their respective trends for agricultural productivity. Then, drawing from the literature, it identifies measures and methodologies used to estimate the impact of regulation on productivity. Finally, it outlines important differences regarding how regulations can affect agricultural productivity and other measures of agricultural performance such as output and production costs in the EU and the U.S.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy , Agriculture
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  5. Transatlantic Approaches to Agriculture Policy: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 3 [Download]

    Title: Transatlantic Approaches to Agriculture Policy: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 3
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center produced a five-chapter report on regulatory differences between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) and their effects on agricultural production and productivity. Those chapters are published here as a working paper series with five parts. This chapter reviews the institutions and procedures governing regulatory development in the U.S. and EU, details several notable differences in their respective regulatory approaches towards agriculture, and then presents and compares relevant regulations affecting agricultural production in each jurisdiction. It first provides an overview of the U.S. and EU procedures for developing and implementing regulation and how they differ. It then describes how the jurisdictions approach regulation of the agricultural sector. Finally, it discusses five areas of agricultural policy: (i) agri-environmental regulations, (ii) organic farming, (iii) genetically modified organisms (GMO), (iv) pesticides, and (v) fertilizers. The regulations discussed are initiated at the EU level and the U.S. federal level. The roles of member states (in the EU) and states (in the U.S) are outlined wherever applicable, but a complete accounting of the effects of implementation and enforcement present at this level falls outside the scope of this paper.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Agriculture
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  6. Water Pollution from Agriculture: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 4 [Download]

    Title: Water Pollution from Agriculture: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 4
    Author: Linquiti, Peter
    Description: As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center produced a five-chapter report on regulatory differences between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) and their effects on agricultural production and productivity. Those chapters are published here as a working paper series with five parts. This chapter reviews how the U.S. and EU regulate water pollution from agriculture, particularly nutrient contamination from fertilizer use on crops and from the management of manure from livestock. The chapter first reviews the core environmental problem—the process by which nutrient pollution occurs and the adverse environmental and human health consequences it causes. It also provides a broad overview of the institutions and policy frameworks that shape water quality polices relevant to agriculture in the two jurisdictions and proceeds by characterizing the specific policy instruments used in the U.S. and the EU to implement these broader policy frameworks. The chapter concludes by describing the on-the-ground implementation experience and the degree to which retrospective program evaluations are performed.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy , Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Agriculture, Pollution
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  7. Regulatory Impact on Corn Farming: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 5 [Download]

    Title: Regulatory Impact on Corn Farming: Transatlantic Agriculture & Regulation Working Paper Series: No. 5
    Author: Pérez, Daniel R.
    Description: As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center produced a five-chapter report on regulatory differences between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) and their effects on agricultural production and productivity. Those chapters are published here as a working paper series with five parts. This chapter examines the impact of environmental and food safety regulations on corn production in the U.S. and EU. We provide quantitative estimates for differences in farm-level outcomes that result from different regulatory requirements between jurisdictions. The chapter begins by identifying and discussing regulations affecting corn production and proceeds to estimate the economic impact of each regulation at the farm level. We selected France and Spain as case studies to illustrate the differences that result from EU member states’ translation and implementation of agricultural regulations at the country level. Our use of a typical farm approach is meant to demonstrate relative differences in outcomes for farms among different jurisdictions rather than provide an exhaustive list of the costs facing a representative corn farm within any particular geographic region.
    Keywords: Agriculture, Regulation, Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  8. Measuring Costs and Benefits of Privacy Controls: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Estimates [Download]

    Title: Measuring Costs and Benefits of Privacy Controls: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Estimates
    Author: Cordes, Joseph J.
    Description: As more and more items of personal information become potentially available to internet providers, the government, and employers, a lively debate has emerged about the role of public policy in ensuring a proper balance between the various parties who may benefit from greater access to information, and the protection of individual rights to privacy.
    Keywords: Regulatory Policy , Regulation , Working Paper, Economic Analysis, Public Interest , Public Policy , Regulatory Studies, Administrative Law
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  9. The Environmental Protection Agency’s Proposed Rule: National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone [Download]

    Title: The Environmental Protection Agency’s Proposed Rule: National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone
    Author: Cox, Louis Anthony (Tony), Jr.
    Description: The Clean Air Act directs the EPA Administrator to set “primary,” or health-based, NAAQS at levels that are “requisite to protect the public health … allowing an adequate margin of safety,” based on “air quality criteria [that] shall accurately reflect the latest scientific knowledge useful in indicating the kind and extent of all identifiable effects on public health or welfare which may be expected from the presence of such pollutant in the ambient air, in varying quantities.” §108(a)(2) It further requires the Administrator to set “secondary” (welfare-based) standards basedon these criteria at a level “requisite to protect the public welfare from any known or anticipated adverse effects.” (This comment focuses exclusively on the primary standard.)
    Keywords: Regulation, Administrative Law, Economic Analysis, Public Policy, Public Interest, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Public Comments
    Date Uploaded: 10/04/2017
  10. Prepaid Accounts Under the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (Regulation E) and the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) [Download]

    Title: Prepaid Accounts Under the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (Regulation E) and the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z)
    Author: Taylor, Blake
    Description: This Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB or “Bureau”) proposed rule would extend various consumer protections to prepaid account products. Protections for traditional bank account and credit products now exist through Regulation E, which governs electronic funds transfers, and Regulation Z, which governs the use of consumer credit. However, prepaid accounts such as debit cards that can be pre-loaded with funds are currently unregulated. CFPB proposes to amend Regulation E and Regulation Z to apply existing and new protections to these relatively new financial products by imposing various information disclosure, limited liability, error resolution, and consumer credit requirements. Although this comment provides an overview of the proposed rule’s requirements, its statutory authority for doing so, and an analysis of its consideration of regulatory principles, the main focus is an analysis of CFPB’s information disclosure requirements.
    Keywords: Regulation, Administrative Law, Economic Analysis, Public Policy, Public Interest, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Public Comments
    Date Uploaded: 10/04/2017