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  1. Seek First to Understand: Exploring the Implementation of Culturally Relevant Education in the District of Columbia [Download]

    Title: Seek First to Understand: Exploring the Implementation of Culturally Relevant Education in the District of Columbia
    Author: Rowe, Victoria A.
    Description: In the United States, a significant opportunity gap persists between elementary and secondary students holding marginalized identities and their more privileged peers. Overwhelming evidence suggests that this disparity in academic outcomes emerges not from an inherent difference in students’ abilities or motivations, but rather from institutional racism within and beyond the public education system. Students of color often do not see their backgrounds represented in the books they read, the discussions in which they participate, or the role models whom they look to in the classroom. Literature suggests that to succeed, all students- regardless of race- must feel validated, supported, and empowered by their academic environments. However, in the District of Columbia, Black students indicate dramatically lower satisfaction with their school climates than their White peers. A growing movement toward culturally relevant education (CRE), a pedagogical paradigm seeking to celebrate diverse identities in the classroom, shows promise at reducing this systemic racial inequity. The focus of this research is the potential for CRE implementation to address and narrow the opportunity gap between Black and White students in Washington, DC. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the current application of culturally relevant educational practices among District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) teachers in order to better understand the extent to which DCPS educators address racial disparity within their classrooms. Data gathering consisted of semi- structured qualitative interviews thematically coded to explore how teachers implement CRE techniques, what supports or barriers they experience in executing these methods, and how they respond to racially disparate DCPS student experiences. These insights strengthen our understanding of DCPS teachers’ perceptions of CRE implementation in diverse classrooms in order to inform future research and suggest methods by which the public education system can empower teachers to equitably educate all of their students.
    Keywords: Julian Clement Chase Prize, Culturally relevant education, Opportunity gap, Washington, D.C.
    Date Uploaded: 03/20/2018
  2. Washington, DC’s 1973 Acquisition of Home Rule after One Hundred Years: Confronting the Issues of Race and Representation in the Nation’s Capital [Download]

    Title: Washington, DC’s 1973 Acquisition of Home Rule after One Hundred Years: Confronting the Issues of Race and Representation in the Nation’s Capital
    Author: Niekrasz, Emily
    Description: Walter E. Fauntroy became Washington, DC’s first non-voting representative in Congress on March 23, 1971. Washingtonians had been without self-government for nearly a century, so as the district’s first Congressman, Fauntroy pushed for home rule legislation, overpowering opponents by threatening their political power. On July 19, 1973, Representative Fauntroy warned Frank Annunzio, a white representative from Chicago, about the threat of Republicans mobilizing black voters in order to remove Democrats from power. As examples, he cited the two cases of District Committee members John L. McMillan and Earle Cabell who were defeated as a result of “dramatic shifts in the black vote away from the Democratic party.” McMillan’s defeat was particularly notable, for as Chairman of the House District Committee, he led a group of white, southern segregationists in blocking home rule legislation from the House floor for over 20 years. In this letter, Fauntroy strongly implied that if representatives did not support DC home rule, as in the cases of McMillan and Cabell, they faced the possibility of losing their seats. Fauntroy concluded, “I am anxious to discuss my concerns...and offer some suggestions as to how I and other Black colleagues of mine, can be of assistance in nullifying such a strategy by our Republican opponents.”1 While Fauntroy claimed to be reaching out as a fellow Democrat, concerned with the position of his colleague against Republican opposition, he was, perhaps not so subtly, threatening Annunzio with the rising power of black voters nationally, in order to achieve self- governance for his own district.
    Keywords: Julian Clement Chase Prize, Washington, D.C., Politics, Home rule, Race
    Date Uploaded: 03/20/2018
  3. An Evaluation of the Implementation and Enforcement of Washington D.C.’s Truancy Policy [Download]

    Title: An Evaluation of the Implementation and Enforcement of Washington D.C.’s Truancy Policy
    Author: Christie, Kaeleigh
    Description: A study with 15 grade 9-12 District of Columbia public high schools was designed to explore the effectiveness of the implementation and enforcement of Washington D.C.’s truancy policy, which went into effect in January 2013. Three variables are explored as measures of effectiveness: (a) truancy rates, (b) truancy court referrals, and (c) graduation rates. Support was found for positive improvements in D.C. public high schools in regards to decreasing truancy rates and increasing graduation rates since the inauguration of the latest truancy policy. However, support improvement was also limited, as petitioned truancy court referrals have increased since the law’s enactment. In terms of measuring enforcement, the intervention step of conducting a SST meeting was evaluated. The results indicated that schools are not fully enforcing the city’s truancy policy.
    Keywords: Julian Clement Chase Prize, Public schools, Truancy, Graduation rate, Policy, Washington, D.C.
    Date Uploaded: 03/20/2018
  4. Aristotle in Maimonides' Guide For The Perplexed: An Analysis of Maimonidean Refutation Against The Jewish Kalam [Download]

    Title: Aristotle in Maimonides' Guide For The Perplexed: An Analysis of Maimonidean Refutation Against The Jewish Kalam
    Author: Dome, Garrett
    Description: Influenced by Islamic thought, Mutakallimun or Jewish Kalamists began to pervade Judaic philosophy during the 12th Century. 1 In Rambam Maimonides’ Guide For The Perplexed, crucial tenants of this newly developed sect are ridiculed and proven illogical from an Aristotelean perspective. More specifically, drawing heavily from both Aristotle’s Physics and Metaphysics, Maimonides refutes the Kalamic belief that God’s creation happened within time. After describing Maimonides’ understanding of Aristotle’s four causes, I will move into a deeper analysis of why Maimonides believed geometrical demonstration was invalid according to the Kalam and its subsequent temporal proofs. While this essay may not expand the readers knowledge of Aristotle or Maimonides respectfully, it will strengthen their understanding of how Aristotle’s ideological lineage has warped due to historical advancements surrounding philosophy.
    Keywords: I. Edward Kiev Judaica Collection, Kiev Judaica Collection Research Fellowship , Philosophy, Maimonides, Aristotle
    Date Uploaded: 11/15/2017
  5. Gender and Violent Extremism: Examining the Psychology of Women Participating in Non-State Armed Groups [Download]

    Title: Gender and Violent Extremism: Examining the Psychology of Women Participating in Non-State Armed Groups
    Author: Dougherty, Rebecca and P. Kathleen Frier
    Description: This paper seeks to understand which factors make women vulnerable or averse to radicalization, and asks: do these factors differ from those that drive men into violent extremist groups? Understanding similarities and differences between men and women with regard to radicalization will enable policymakers to develop policies that effectively prevent and disrupt violent extremism.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/10/2017
  6. Late Night Politics: Using Moral Foundations Theory to Analyze Political Satire [Download]

    Title: Late Night Politics: Using Moral Foundations Theory to Analyze Political Satire
    Author: Grant, Caden
    Description:
    Keywords: The Eckles Prize for Freshman Research Excellence
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  7. From the Grave to the Stars: Analyzing Developments in Racial Power Dynamics from Black Youth Poetry from the Civil Rights Era to Now [Download]

    Title: From the Grave to the Stars: Analyzing Developments in Racial Power Dynamics from Black Youth Poetry from the Civil Rights Era to Now
    Author: Le, Gina
    Description:
    Keywords: The Eckles Prize for Freshman Research Excellence
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  8. More Than Hair [Download]

    Title: More Than Hair
    Author: Lyons, Rachel
    Description:
    Keywords: The Eckles Prize for Freshman Research Excellence
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  9. The Real World: Opening social dialogue through stereotypical casting [Download]

    Title: The Real World: Opening social dialogue through stereotypical casting
    Author: Freitag, Callie
    Description:
    Keywords: The Eckles Prize for Freshman Research Excellence
    Date Uploaded: 05/24/2017
  10. Why Don't We Hear from the Women: The Female Voice in Public Settings [Download]

    Title: Why Don't We Hear from the Women: The Female Voice in Public Settings
    Author: Gasteier, Gretchen
    Description:
    Keywords: The Eckles Prize for Freshman Research Excellence
    Date Uploaded: 05/24/2017