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  1. International Relations Theory and a Changing Middle East, POMEPS_Studies 16 [Download]

    Title: International Relations Theory and a Changing Middle East, POMEPS_Studies 16
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: The comparative politics literature on the uprisings has demonstrated real theoretical progress, sophisticated empirical analysis and useful—if too often ignored—policy advice. This comparative politics approach to the uprisings has always been problematic, though. The Arab uprisings began in transnational diffusion and ended in transnational repression and regional proxy wars. Put simply, there is not a single case in the Arab uprisings—with perhaps, as Monica Marks argues, the very partial exception of Tunisia—in which international factors were not decisive to the outcome. It is generally accepted that the uprisings themselves were very much a region-wide phenomenon. For all the accumulated grievances and internal politics that characterized the situation in each Arab country circa late 2010, it is difficult to conceive of each simultaneously erupting in protest without the highly publicized example of successful uprisings overthrowing long-entrenched dictators in Tunisia and Egypt. There is now abundant evidence and an increasingly sophisticated theoretical literature detailing the diffusion and demonstration mechanisms by which the Arab uprisings spread. The initial uprisings, then, clearly cannot be understood without an appreciation of their regional and international dynamics. The thoughtful essays in this outstanding collection only begin to scratch the surface of what international relations theory should contribute to the study of the Arab uprisings. Much remains to be done with the implications of a perceived decline in U.S. power and commitment in the region, the potential emergence of new alignments between Israel and Arab regimes, the role of transnational networks in a system still structured by states, the possibilities raised by joint Arab military action in Yemen, the long-term effects of population displacement and human trauma caused by the region’s wars and so much more.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, Counterterrorims, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/15/2017
  2. From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution, POMEPS Studies 20 [Download]

    Title: From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution, POMEPS Studies 20
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: The essays collected in this volume range widely over the Middle East, surveying the methods and modalities of the autocratic backlash. Rory McCarthy shows how Tunisia’s Islamist party Ennahda adapted to the autocratic era by dividing party from movement. Courtney Freer explains how the Gulf states cracked down on Islamist movements. Reinoud Leenders traces the rhetorical and physical violence of the initial response to the Syrian uprisings. Walter Armbrust evokes the figure of the trickster in the capture of Egypt’s transition. Neil Ketchley shows how the Egyptian state engineered the June 30 protests. Amy Austin Holmes traces ongoing moments of popular resistance to autocracy in Egypt. Sune Haugbolle argues for the importance of ideology in understanding the post-uprising events. Lisel Hintz analyzes the rhetorical strategies of Turkey’s crackdown on the Gezi Park protests. Steffen Hertog details the political economy of the surviving regimes and the fate of their distributional bargains. These diverse and challenging essays show profoundly that the challenges which produced the Arab uprisings remains unresolved. How those grievances present themselves in the near future will be shaped by the political, institutional, economic and rhetorical choices now being made by the region’s resurgent autocrats.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/15/2017
  3. Islam and International Order, POMEPS Studies 15 [Download]

    Title: Islam and International Order, POMEPS Studies 15
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: Islam has rarely been far from the center of the world’s political and security agenda in the decade and a half since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack against the United States. The range of issues to which Islam has been deemed central is staggering, from transnational terrorism and counterinsurgency in Iraq to the possibility of democracy in the Middle East. These long-running debates have been galvanized over the last few years by the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, shocking acts of terrorism from Paris to Tunisia, and the failure of the democratic experiment with Muslim Brotherhood rule in Egypt. In April 2015 the Project on Middle East Political Science and the Transatlantic Academy hosted a workshop for a sustained discussion of emerging questions on Islam and international order. The two-day workshop brought together a broad, interdisciplinary group of scholars, including area specialists and generalists, from the fields of political science, religious studies and history. The workshop, part of the POMEPS Islam in a Changing Middle East initiative, built on the Transatlantic Academy’s 2015 theme of religion and foreign policy.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/15/2017
  4. Evolving Methodologies in the Study of Islamism, POMEPS Studies 17 [Download]

    Title: Evolving Methodologies in the Study of Islamism, POMEPS Studies 17
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: On January 29, 2016, scholars gathered for the Project on Middle East Political Science’s 3rd Annual workshop on Islamist politics as part of our Islam in a Changing Middle East initiative. This year’s workshop focused on the methodological and conceptual issues in the study of Islamism. What assumptions underlying our research need to be problematized? How should we deal with the vast outpouring of information and evidence about these movements now available on social media? What do we mean by the term “Islamist?” Papers in this series challenge the utility of core concepts such as “moderation” and “radical Islam.” They investigate the operation of specific causal mechanisms such as repression, identity, and organizational structure. They consider how newly available sources of survey and social media data can change our research approaches and remind us of all we have learned. While no one claims to have come up with a single answer, this collection is an important first step in grappling with the complex puzzle of “Islamism” today. This critical and reflective scholarship will be useful for the novice student and experienced analyst alike.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 11/15/2017
  5. Decennial Self-Study for Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE) October 2017 Draft [Download]

    Title: Decennial Self-Study for Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE) October 2017 Draft
    Author: Steering Committee and Working Groups, Office of the Provost
    Description: The university is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE), a voluntary membership association of colleges and universities located in the mid-Atlantic region. As part of GW’s accreditation process, a comprehensive self-study that evaluates the university’s progress over the past decade has been developed. This draft was posted on the Provost's website and opened for comments from the GW community. Institutions in MSCHE’s jurisdiction undergo reaccreditation every 10 years. The multiyear process involves a self-study, a campus visit from a team of academics and administrators from other institutions who have read the self-study, and a ruling on the accreditation status of the institution. MSCHE accreditation applies across the university, regardless of accreditation processes for individual schools or programs. In early 2016, GW formed a steering committee for its upcoming accreditation process, which is led by Paul Duff, professor of religion, and Cheryl Beil, associate provost for academic planning and assessment. In addition to the steering committee, eight working groups composed of representatives of all 10 GW schools are focused on: 1. Mission and goals 2. Ethics and integrity 3. Design and delivery of student learning experience 4. Support of student learning experience 5. Educational effectiveness assessment 6. Planning, resources and institutional improvement 7. Governance, leadership and administration 8. Compliance with accreditation-relevant federal regulations
    Keywords: Middle States Commission on Higher Education , Self-Study, GW Office of the Provost , Accreditation , University Archives
    Date Uploaded: 10/24/2017
  6. Terrorism in the U.S. Jan. 2016 Update [Download]

    Title: Terrorism in the U.S. Jan. 2016 Update
    Author: GW Program on Extremism
    Description: Our monthly updates detail terrorism-related activities and court proceedings in the United States.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  7. Fear Thy Neighbor: Radicalization and Jihadist Attacks in the West [Download]

    Title: Fear Thy Neighbor: Radicalization and Jihadist Attacks in the West
    Author: Vidino, Lorenzo
    Description: This report examines all jihadist-motivated terrorist attacks carried out in Europe and North America since the declaration of the Caliphate by the Islamic State group in June 2014. By analyzing the 51 attacks and their perpetrators, this study constitutes the first comprehensive account of attacks carried out during the past three years.
    Keywords: Extremism, Terrorism, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Counterterrorism, National Security
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2017
  8. The Environmental Protection Agency’s Proposed Rule: National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone [Download]

    Title: The Environmental Protection Agency’s Proposed Rule: National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone
    Author: Cox, Louis Anthony (Tony), Jr.
    Description: The Clean Air Act directs the EPA Administrator to set “primary,” or health-based, NAAQS at levels that are “requisite to protect the public health … allowing an adequate margin of safety,” based on “air quality criteria [that] shall accurately reflect the latest scientific knowledge useful in indicating the kind and extent of all identifiable effects on public health or welfare which may be expected from the presence of such pollutant in the ambient air, in varying quantities.” §108(a)(2) It further requires the Administrator to set “secondary” (welfare-based) standards basedon these criteria at a level “requisite to protect the public welfare from any known or anticipated adverse effects.” (This comment focuses exclusively on the primary standard.)
    Keywords: Regulation, Administrative Law, Economic Analysis, Public Policy, Public Interest, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Public Comments
    Date Uploaded: 10/04/2017
  9. Prepaid Accounts Under the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (Regulation E) and the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) [Download]

    Title: Prepaid Accounts Under the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (Regulation E) and the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z)
    Author: Taylor, Blake
    Description: This Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB or “Bureau”) proposed rule would extend various consumer protections to prepaid account products. Protections for traditional bank account and credit products now exist through Regulation E, which governs electronic funds transfers, and Regulation Z, which governs the use of consumer credit. However, prepaid accounts such as debit cards that can be pre-loaded with funds are currently unregulated. CFPB proposes to amend Regulation E and Regulation Z to apply existing and new protections to these relatively new financial products by imposing various information disclosure, limited liability, error resolution, and consumer credit requirements. Although this comment provides an overview of the proposed rule’s requirements, its statutory authority for doing so, and an analysis of its consideration of regulatory principles, the main focus is an analysis of CFPB’s information disclosure requirements.
    Keywords: Regulation, Administrative Law, Economic Analysis, Public Policy, Public Interest, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Public Comments
    Date Uploaded: 10/04/2017
  10. The U.S. Department of Labor’s Proposed Rule: Discrimination on the Basis of Sex [Download]

    Title: The U.S. Department of Labor’s Proposed Rule: Discrimination on the Basis of Sex
    Author: White, Lynn
    Description: In the proposed rule, the DOL Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) asserts that since the Sex Discrimination Guidelines were first issued in 1970, there have been “historic changes to sex discrimination law, in both statutory and case law, and to contractor policies and practices as a result of the nature and extent of women’s participation in the labor force.” As such, the OFCCP issued the proposed rule to “revise the Sex Discrimination Guidelines to align the sex discrimination standards under Executive Order 11246 with developments and interpretations of existing title VII principles and the OFCCP’s corresponding interpretation of the Executive Order.” The proposed rule would eliminate the existing Guidelines and replace them with regulations “with the full force and effect of law." The proposal would remove outdated provisions in the Guidelines, clarify others, and add new protections that have been established since 1970.
    Keywords: Regulation, Administrative Law, Economic Analysis, Public Policy, Public Interest, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Public Comments
    Date Uploaded: 10/04/2017