While Southeast Asia has experienced substantial economic and commercial growth in
recent years, transnational criminal organizations have sought to prey upon the success.
Among these groups, few are more economically draining than maritime pirates. These actors
operate outside the bounds of...
This article discusses the approaches that peace operations have taken to address organized
crime and explores strategies to improve their effectiveness. In the last twenty years, the U.N.
has produced relevant threat assessments and conventions, enhanced its use of technology
This paper argues that third-party peacekeeping can play a vital role in mitigating and resolving
the Ukraine-Russian conflict in the Donbas region. Understanding the current situation in the
region as well as the intricacies and implications of a U.N. peacekeeping mission is important
The recent shift in geopolitics towards renewed great power competition, demonstrated
by Russian actions in Ukraine, caused the United States to undertake a new program to
assure NATO alliance members and deter further Russian actions. This paper covers the
development, implementation, and...
Venezuela's economic crisis has spiraled out of control, creating secondary ripple effects
that are impacting the entire Western Hemisphere. This manmade crisis has produced an
unprecedented regional outflow of migrants and refugees that shows no sign of slowing
down and is likely to surpass...
Since the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank has begun gradually unwinding its $4.5 trillion balance sheet, investors
are anxious to see how credit markets will react to the end of U.S. quantitative easing and the dawn of
tighter monetary policy. This paper tests if corporate credit markets are behaving...
Adam Isacson leads the Defense Oversight Program for the Washington Office on Latin America
(WOLA). He analyzes U.S. military assistance to Latin America, drug and security policy in the
Americas, and peace processes, with a special focus on U.S. defense cooperation in Colombia
The election of Donald Trump in 2016 baffled political analysts around
the world and cast doubt on the strength of American democracy. The
simultaneous rise of strongman politics in other parts of the world led many
to reconsider the assumptions of liberal democracy. In How Democracies...
This paper explores how women experience Western democracy in Jordan. Citing dramatic religious, cultural,
and social differences to the West, some academic discourses assume that the Middle East is incompatible
with democracy. This paper seeks to contribute to a body of scholarship exposing...
The concept of “Southern lag” describes the lack of compliance of Southern European countries with EU
law which has had increased salience after the 2008 eurozone crisis. This article identifies the most binding
constraints on energy policy, a previously overlooked area in the Southern lag...
The traditional approaches to health delivery, which ignore patient preferences, are increasingly being
replaced by a more patient-centric model. In order to understand the current trajectory of this approach,
it’s important to break down past and present global health care systems and...
This article juxtaposes the demonstrated prevalence of celebrity politics with that of climate change policy
inaction in the United States, to contextualize Leonardo DiCaprio’s ecodocumentary, "Before the Flood"
within its current sociopolitical moment. I argue these components work in tandem...
Using data gathered by the District of Columbia, I measure the effects of housing prices in DC on the locations of Capital Bikeshare Stations. Since its operation in 2010, Bikeshare has grown rapidly in popularity among residents and tourists. I focused the influence of real estate values on the...
The Kremlin’s current disinformation campaign against the West, unlike similar projects
undertaken during the Cold War, is no longer based on the dissemination of an overarching
ideology or “selling” Russia as an alternative. The contemporary logic of propaganda takes
a highly nation-specific...
Boko Haram’s rise in Nigeria was a result of social, economic, religious, and political tinder
meeting in flammable conditions. These longstanding incompatibilities – religious tensions,
rampant poverty, ineffective government, abusive military, and opportunistic clergy – served
as the roots...
The Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are a potential flashpoint for conflict
between Russia and NATO. There is concern that the Baltic region is dangerously underprepared
for a future Russian invasion. War gaming conducted by the Department of Defense
and NATO militaries in...
The Golden Crescent, which includes Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan, is one of the most
important regions in the world for the global narcotics trade. Afghanistan’s poppy cultivation
surged in the 1970s and it became a global supplier of opiates when other countries in the
The United States needs a national cybersecurity strategy with a punch. Its adversaries
overtly (and covertly) use cyberspace to mold the international world order, attempting to
influence domestic and foreign affairs thousands of miles away. Some have even publicly
stated that information...
This paper explores a new model—the terrorist criminal enterprise—for assessing the
convergence of terrorism and organized crime in illicit networks, and examines some of the
policy implications of utilizing that model to address this phenomenon. Since 2001, several
other models have...
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Latin America’s oldest insurgency,
is at a critical juncture. Following a historic peace agreement in 2016 that required the
organization to demobilize, the country and the world are closely watching the degree
to which former fighters abandon...