This paper aims to identify the factors that preclude or marginalize
women’s participation in transnational security and identify key
conditions for the inclusion of women in this realm. Women’s
perspectives in conflict and reconstruction are important to
bolstering stability and require...
According to scholar Michael Mandelbaum, the 25-year period between the end of the Cold War and 2014 was one of the most peaceful in history. Aside from smaller regional conflicts, the world saw a brief pause in global conflict between superpowers. Mandelbaum credits benevolent U.S. hegemony, the...
The United States has utilized the space domain to enhance national security and to improve national prestige. However, a growing number of governmental and commercial participants in the space domain are creating complications and increasing risks such as collisions with space objects or debris....
In Latin America, Russia has allied with authoritarian regimes and expanded its influence to counter the United States – a strategy that is evident in Venezuela. While policymakers have focused on China’s economic expansion in Venezuela, Russia’s use of energy diplomacy in Venezuela has garnered...
The International Affairs Review is a non-profit, peer-reviewed, academic
journal published biannually in Washington, DC. It is an independent,
graduate student run publication sponsored by the Elliott School of
International Affairs at the George Washington University.
Unlike many debates in Washington, there is wide ideological and political diversity among
the supporters of either side of the U.S. grand strategy debate. The two main schools, “deep
engagement” and “offshore balancing,” take opposing views as to the direction of future U.S.
Despite feminists’ progress in advocating for the legitimization of women’s security in the
international relations sphere, institutional impediments reveal that masculine structures
continue to regulate a patriarchal status quo in discourse, policy, and law. Inconsistency in
While Iraq has achieved success in militarily defeating ISIS, it must now prepare for the difficult
post-conflict reconstruction phase. The most important issue facing the country in the post-
ISIS landscape is the challenge posed by sectarianism and identity politics, which helped ISIS
This paper explores a new model—the terrorist criminal enterprise—for assessing the
convergence of terrorism and organized crime in illicit networks, and examines some of the
policy implications of utilizing that model to address this phenomenon. Since 2001, several
other models have...
The United States needs a national cybersecurity strategy with a punch. Its adversaries
overtly (and covertly) use cyberspace to mold the international world order, attempting to
influence domestic and foreign affairs thousands of miles away. Some have even publicly
stated that information...