Unlike many debates in Washington, there is wide ideological and political diversity among
the supporters of either side of the U.S. grand strategy debate. The two main schools, “deep
engagement” and “offshore balancing,” take opposing views as to the direction of future U.S.
grand strategy. This...
Despite feminists’ progress in advocating for the legitimization of women’s security in the
international relations sphere, institutional impediments reveal that masculine structures
continue to regulate a patriarchal status quo in discourse, policy, and law. Inconsistency in
the United Nations’...
While Iraq has achieved success in militarily defeating ISIS, it must now prepare for the difficult
post-conflict reconstruction phase. The most important issue facing the country in the post-
ISIS landscape is the challenge posed by sectarianism and identity politics, which helped ISIS
This paper explores a new model—the terrorist criminal enterprise—for assessing the
convergence of terrorism and organized crime in illicit networks, and examines some of the
policy implications of utilizing that model to address this phenomenon. Since 2001, several
other models have promulgated...
The United States needs a national cybersecurity strategy with a punch. Its adversaries
overtly (and covertly) use cyberspace to mold the international world order, attempting to
influence domestic and foreign affairs thousands of miles away. Some have even publicly
stated that information...
The Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are a potential flashpoint for conflict
between Russia and NATO. There is concern that the Baltic region is dangerously underprepared
for a future Russian invasion. War gaming conducted by the Department of Defense
and NATO militaries in...
The International Affairs Review is a non-profit, peer-reviewed, academic
journal published biannually in Washington, DC. It is an independent,
graduate student run publication sponsored by the Elliott School of
International Affairs at the George Washington University.
While Southeast Asia has experienced substantial economic and commercial growth in
recent years, transnational criminal organizations have sought to prey upon the success.
Among these groups, few are more economically draining than maritime pirates. These actors
operate outside the bounds of...
This paper argues that third-party peacekeeping can play a vital role in mitigating and resolving
the Ukraine-Russian conflict in the Donbas region. Understanding the current situation in the
region as well as the intricacies and implications of a U.N. peacekeeping mission is important
The recent shift in geopolitics towards renewed great power competition, demonstrated
by Russian actions in Ukraine, caused the United States to undertake a new program to
assure NATO alliance members and deter further Russian actions. This paper covers the
development, implementation, and...