For decades, Colombia has remained the strongest and most consistent military ally of the United States in Latin America. As the threat emanating from Colombia transformed from a communist red tide to a criminalized white powder, Colombia’s geographical advantages and internal conflict positioned...
In Latin America, Russia has allied with authoritarian regimes and expanded its influence to counter the United States – a strategy that is evident in Venezuela. While policymakers have focused on China’s economic expansion in Venezuela, Russia’s use of energy diplomacy in Venezuela has garnered...
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This paper examines the role of Myanmar’s military junta, the Tatmadaw, in the expansive
transnational organized crime network of the country. These criminal activities facilitated
by the Tatmadaw contribute to the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Myanmar. Illicit finance
fuels the hostile power...
Unlike many debates in Washington, there is wide ideological and political diversity among
the supporters of either side of the U.S. grand strategy debate. The two main schools, “deep
engagement” and “offshore balancing,” take opposing views as to the direction of future U.S.
Despite feminists’ progress in advocating for the legitimization of women’s security in the
international relations sphere, institutional impediments reveal that masculine structures
continue to regulate a patriarchal status quo in discourse, policy, and law. Inconsistency in
The abundance of oil in Nigeria makes the Nigerian energy sector highly attractive to foreign
investors. Most of the country’s oil production takes place in the Niger Delta, yet paradoxically,
the Niger Delta is the poorest and most underdeveloped region in the country. More than 95
While Iraq has achieved success in militarily defeating ISIS, it must now prepare for the difficult
post-conflict reconstruction phase. The most important issue facing the country in the post-
ISIS landscape is the challenge posed by sectarianism and identity politics, which helped ISIS
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Latin America’s oldest insurgency,
is at a critical juncture. Following a historic peace agreement in 2016 that required the
organization to demobilize, the country and the world are closely watching the degree
to which former fighters abandon...
This paper explores a new model—the terrorist criminal enterprise—for assessing the
convergence of terrorism and organized crime in illicit networks, and examines some of the
policy implications of utilizing that model to address this phenomenon. Since 2001, several
other models have...