This paper examines the role of Myanmar’s military junta, the Tatmadaw, in the expansive
transnational organized crime network of the country. These criminal activities facilitated
by the Tatmadaw contribute to the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Myanmar. Illicit finance
fuels the hostile power of...
Unlike many debates in Washington, there is wide ideological and political diversity among
the supporters of either side of the U.S. grand strategy debate. The two main schools, “deep
engagement” and “offshore balancing,” take opposing views as to the direction of future U.S.
grand strategy. This...
Despite feminists’ progress in advocating for the legitimization of women’s security in the
international relations sphere, institutional impediments reveal that masculine structures
continue to regulate a patriarchal status quo in discourse, policy, and law. Inconsistency in
the United Nations’...
The abundance of oil in Nigeria makes the Nigerian energy sector highly attractive to foreign
investors. Most of the country’s oil production takes place in the Niger Delta, yet paradoxically,
the Niger Delta is the poorest and most underdeveloped region in the country. More than 95
While Iraq has achieved success in militarily defeating ISIS, it must now prepare for the difficult
post-conflict reconstruction phase. The most important issue facing the country in the post-
ISIS landscape is the challenge posed by sectarianism and identity politics, which helped ISIS
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Latin America’s oldest insurgency,
is at a critical juncture. Following a historic peace agreement in 2016 that required the
organization to demobilize, the country and the world are closely watching the degree
to which former fighters abandon...
This paper explores a new model—the terrorist criminal enterprise—for assessing the
convergence of terrorism and organized crime in illicit networks, and examines some of the
policy implications of utilizing that model to address this phenomenon. Since 2001, several
other models have promulgated...
The United States needs a national cybersecurity strategy with a punch. Its adversaries
overtly (and covertly) use cyberspace to mold the international world order, attempting to
influence domestic and foreign affairs thousands of miles away. Some have even publicly
stated that information...
The Golden Crescent, which includes Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan, is one of the most
important regions in the world for the global narcotics trade. Afghanistan’s poppy cultivation
surged in the 1970s and it became a global supplier of opiates when other countries in the
region banned poppies....
The Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are a potential flashpoint for conflict
between Russia and NATO. There is concern that the Baltic region is dangerously underprepared
for a future Russian invasion. War gaming conducted by the Department of Defense
and NATO militaries in...