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  1. Thin the Soup or Shorten the Line: Washington Area Nonprofits Adapt to Uncertain Times, Working Paper 006 [Download]

    Title: Thin the Soup or Shorten the Line: Washington Area Nonprofits Adapt to Uncertain Times, Working Paper 006
    Author: Atkins, Patricia
    Description: Human services nonprofit organizations are crucial partners to government and the private sector in developing and maintaining healthy communities and families. They are able to leverage multiple funding streams to create a greater capacity to deliver services than any single funding source could achieve on its own. Because they often have strong relationships with the people and neighborhoods where they work, nonprofits are well-positioned to meet community needs. However, in the current economic climate, Washington-area human services nonprofits are being squeezed by rising demand, escalating costs, and increasing administrative tasks, all accompanied by only sluggish revenue growth. An analysis using survey results, tax documents, interviews, and local government budget data finds that these organizations have coped with fiscal stress in a variety of ways—many of which could lead to significant erosion in the quality and quantity of services provided to the community. There are models, though, to bolster nonprofits which should be considered by regional philanthropic organizations and government alike. But overall, the public and private sectors need to work with the nonprofit sector to jointly develop solutions that will meet the needs of community residents without overly burdening the resources of any one sector.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/28/2015
  2. Profiles of U.S. Education and Workforce Data Sources [Download]

    Title: Profiles of U.S. Education and Workforce Data Sources
    Author: Reamer, Andrew
    Description:
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/10/2015
  3. The First Women Washington Correspondents, GW Washington Studies No. 4 [Download]

    Title: The First Women Washington Correspondents, GW Washington Studies No. 4
    Author: Beasley, Maurine Hoffman
    Description: This is the fourth in a series of monographs on the city of Washington written by members of the George Washington University. The focus throughout the series will be on Washington as a major urban center rather than as the federal capital. The series will present extended, specialized studies of selected aspects of the city contributed by representatives of various academic disciplines. Publication of these monographs is made possible in part by a grant from the Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer Foundation.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  4. Evidence of Community: Writing from The Jenny McKean Moore Workshops at George Washington University, GW Washington Studies No. 11 [Download]

    Title: Evidence of Community: Writing from The Jenny McKean Moore Workshops at George Washington University, GW Washington Studies No. 11
    Author: McAleavey, David
    Description: This anthology represents, in a highly selective way, that enormous interest in the writing of literature. Here are both fiction and poetry; the work of urbanites, sub-urbanites, and country dwellers; the work of blacks and whites, of young writers and retirees, of "amateurs" and "professionals", of a city manager and a former nurse.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  5. Capital Cities and their National Governments: Washington, DC in Comparative Retrospective, Working Paper 030 [Download]

    Title: Capital Cities and their National Governments: Washington, DC in Comparative Retrospective, Working Paper 030
    Author: Wolman, Hal
    Description: Along numerous dimensions Washington, D.C. differs substantially from the rest of the United States. It is a city that lacks the support and resources of a state. It performs many of the same functions as a state while lacking most of the rights, powers, and privileges guaranteed to states under the U.S. Constitution. The District of Columbia lacks full representation in the U.S. Congress, has limited autonomy over its own governance and fiscal policy, while carrying numerous burdens associated with hosting the national capital. While unique in the American context, how unique is the District in the international context? All nations have capitals. In what ways do the circumstances of capitals in other nations resemble or differ from the District’s? In what ways are capital cities treated differently from other cities in the respective nation?
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2015
  6. Public Street Illumination in Washington, D.C., GW Washington Studies No. 2 [Download]

    Title: Public Street Illumination in Washington, D.C., GW Washington Studies No. 2
    Author: Noreen, Sarah Pressey
    Description: This is the second in a series of monographs on the city of Washington written by members of the George Washington University. The focus throughout the series will be on Washington as a major urban center rather than as the federal capital. The series will present extended, specialized studies of selected aspects of the city contributed by representatives of various academic disciplines. Publication of these monographs is made possible in part by a grant from the Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer Foundation.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  7. Images of Brookland: The History and Architecture of a Washington Suburb, GW Washington Studies No. 10 [Download]

    Title: Images of Brookland: The History and Architecture of a Washington Suburb, GW Washington Studies No. 10
    Author: McDaniel, George W.
    Description: This monograph grows out of the attempt by a graduate seminar to GWU to design and implement a community inventory which would reflect the broad, multidisciplinary criteria of the contemporary preservation movement. The study was carried out in the Brookland neighborhood in 1979 by those students whose names are listed in the Introduction. The course was taught by George W. McDaniel and John N. Pearce.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  8. Ancient Washington: American Indian Cultures of the Potomac Valley, GW Washington Studies No. 6 [Download]

    Title: Ancient Washington: American Indian Cultures of the Potomac Valley, GW Washington Studies No. 6
    Author: Humphrey, Robert L.
    Description: Washington, D.C., was the institutional center for the emerging discipline of scientific ethnology in nineteenth-century America, but the prehistoric culture of this metropolitan region was seldom the subject of sustained attention from the new scholars. However, the concurrent revivals of interest in American Indian culture and in the history of the city of Washington suggest that this neglect will soon be rectified. it seemed to the editors that both the general public and the academic community would welcome a concise summary of the best present knowledge of ancient Washington and its first inhabitants. This monograph is written in the standard style of anthropological journals. The full references for the parenthetical citations in the text can be located easily in the bibliography.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  9. Policy Transfer: What We Know About What Transfers, How It Happens, and How to Do It, Working Paper 038 [Download]

    Title: Policy Transfer: What We Know About What Transfers, How It Happens, and How to Do It, Working Paper 038
    Author: Wolman, Hal
    Description: Policy transfer is the spread of a policy – or some aspect of a policy – across units of government that occurs as a result of the adopting unit having at least some knowledge of the existence of the policy in other units. It is a subset of the broader term “policy diffusion,” which is the spread of policy across units regardless of whether that spread results from knowledge or from other factors such as convergence – a unit adopting a policy similar to other units because it is responding to similar conditions/problems, even if it is unaware of the existence of the policy elsewhere. Policy transfer thus requires “policy learning.” In this paper I will focus on what we know from the research literature about how policies transfer, what kinds of policies transfer, how policy learning that results in policy transfer takes place and what is known prescriptively about how governments should engage in the process of policy transfer (lesson-drawing).
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 10/16/2015
  10. STATE POLICY EFFECTS ON URBAN PERFORMANCE, Working Paper 016 [Download]

    Title: STATE POLICY EFFECTS ON URBAN PERFORMANCE, Working Paper 016
    Author: Furdell, Kimberly
    Description: Cities are creatures of their state governments. As such, state policy can have important effects, intended or otherwise, on the well-being of cities and their residents. States affect cities in a variety of ways, and the importance to local governments of the state government role has long been recognized. States determine the institutional forms of their local governments, the land use and regulatory frameworks under which they operate, and the revenue systems they may use. Cities and their residents are directly affected by state tax policies and by state programs and policies. While some states have explicit “urban policies” directed at promoting the wellbeing of their cities, in every state cities are affected, adversely or beneficially, by a range of state activities not necessarily devised with cities and their residents in mind. This paper describes the initial stages in a research project that attempts to tease out how state policy effects the performance of cities. We first use factor analysis to explore the performance of central cities between 1990 and 2000 by measuring changes in a set of measures meant to broadly capture the economic and social well-being of city residents. We then employ linear regression to predict cities’ factor scores using a set of non-policy variables that describe the demographic characteristics and economic structures of the cities. By explaining performance using non-policy variables in this way, we attempt to isolate the potential impact of policy on performance, which should be captured in the unexplained variation in the cities’ factor scores. In the final part of our statistical analysis, we estimate how much of the unexplained variation can be attributed to state-level factors by using state fixed-effects models to predict the residuals from the previous stage regressions. The next stage in our research will be to use the state-fixed effects models as guides in choosing states for case study research. We will conduct a series of intensive case studies in both well- and poorly-performing states in order to determine how and why state-level policy affects the well-being of cities within those states.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 09/28/2015