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  1. Learning from Abroad: A Framework, Working Paper [Download]

    Title: Learning from Abroad: A Framework, Working Paper
    Author: Wolman, Harold
    Description: How can US local governments learn in order to better address their jurisdiction’s problems and their residents’ needs? One of the most effective methods is to look at the experience of local governments elsewhere that face problems similar to their own. This is an effective approach because it in effect constitutes a “policy experiment” in which an interested local government can actually observe whether a policy or practice in place elsewhere works.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 06/14/2016
  2. Learning from Abroad: Multi-Purpose Special Districts in British Columbia as a Possible Model for Governance Innovation for Local Governments in the United States, Working Paper [Download]

    Title: Learning from Abroad: Multi-Purpose Special Districts in British Columbia as a Possible Model for Governance Innovation for Local Governments in the United States, Working Paper
    Author: Wolman, Harold
    Description: Would regional districts or their equivalent work in the United States? The report considers several possible differences in setting that might affect transferability to regions in the U.S., including differences in institutional, legal, political, cultural, historical, and demographic contexts. The report concludes that the major contextual concerns are political in nature and particularly the fear local governments have of surrendering their autonomy and decision making to external institutions. However, it also emphasizes the voluntary nature of RDs and the ability of individual local governments to either opt in or opt out of each service delivery agreement provides a new and innovative feature that should greatly reduce a local government’s political reluctance. The report also notes that questions of membership, representation and voting rights and weights will have to be worked out on a region by region basis.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 06/14/2016
  3. Developing Legitimacy for Action by Connecting Citizens and Government: Lessons for U.S. Local Government Leaders from a Citizen Engagement Process in Australia, Working Paper [Download]

    Title: Developing Legitimacy for Action by Connecting Citizens and Government: Lessons for U.S. Local Government Leaders from a Citizen Engagement Process in Australia, Working Paper
    Author: Barnes, William
    Description: The four-year “Geraldton 2029 and Beyond” initiative effectively addressed the entwined challenges of "legitimacy for action on sustainability” and “trust in government” that the City of Greater Geraldton faced in 2009-2010. The 2029 citizen engagement process navigated substantial difficulties. The City government discovered and acted to address a “trust in citizens” problem of its own. As of late 2015, two years beyond the project’s planned duration, the citizen engagement effort continues and aims for additional, longer-term, improved governance on many topics. This report concludes that the practice that emerges from the Geraldton experience, which is not without risks, can be considered for adaptation by US local governments. The practice is not limited to the “sustainability” focus. Comparison with other localities that used similar approaches suggests that the practice can produce useful results in many kinds of places and on many kinds of topics. This is an approach, not a mechanism or a tool or an event. It can be described as follows: 1. It is to be used in governance situations where the functional issue is significant, complicated, contentious, and stalled, and is entwined with trust-in-government and legitimacy-for-action issues. The goals are thus both to address the functional issue and also to produce systemic, enduring improvement in local governance. 2. It requires a City Hall leadership committed to hard thinking about and a clear grasp of the “problems” to be addressed (including problems internal to the government) and the goals to be sought, as well as a resolve to address difficulties and unpleasant facts as they arise. 3. It conducts governance–in the short-term engagement processes and also aimed at building a better governance for the longer-term –that tries to be more inclusive of ordinary citizens; more deliberative; and, for the citizens’ engagements, more influential. 4. It requires very strong process design, selection and assembly of apt tools and tactics, and adaptive management of the activities as they occur. Careful consideration should be given to how the processes will involve citizens in dealing with budget constraints or other hard choices.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 06/14/2016
  4. The TANF Resources Problem [Download]

    Title: The TANF Resources Problem
    Author: Meni, David
    Description: 2016 marks the twentieth anniversary of passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA). Among other things, PRWORA replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children program (AFDC) with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Whereas a federal support for AFDC was an open-ended matching grant, TANF is funded with a block grant from the federal government combined with a “Maintenance of Effort” obligation for states. The block grant and MOE contributions are set for the most part at nominal levels from the mid-1990s. This paper looks at recent trends in TANF funding compared to trends in prevalence of child poverty. Compared to other work with similar intent, the novelty here lies in use of a more comprehensive poverty measure, incorporation of adjustments for interstate variation in prices, and a minor exploration of the connection between TANF resources and state fiscal capacity. Over the past decade inequality in state resources per poor child has increased. The disparities are great, making application of common performance standards without adjustment for resources questionable. Options for reform include separation of federal support for income maintenance from support for the various other programs that now garner well over half of TANF funding.
    Keywords: Public policy, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF, Child poverty
    Date Uploaded: 04/15/2016
  5. Information Resources to Facilitate Middle Skills Workforce Development, Working Paper [Download]

    Title: Information Resources to Facilitate Middle Skills Workforce Development, Working Paper
    Author: Reamer, Andrew
    Description: The aim of this paper is to suggest improvements in information resources that would enable a well-functioning supply chain for middle-skill jobs, i.e., jobs that require some postsecondary education but not a four-year degree. The paper begins with a summary of the types of labor market participant decisions that require good information, follows with an overview and assessment of currently available information resources, and then offers recommendations for enhancing these information resources so that labor markets function well and participants have a reasonable likelihood that their decisions work as intended.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 04/07/2016
  6. Urban Politics Revisited: A Policy-centered Look at Local Political Ecologies [Download]

    Title: Urban Politics Revisited: A Policy-centered Look at Local Political Ecologies
    Author: Stone, Clarence
    Description: This paper elaborates the policy-centered research program proposed by Hacker and Pierson (2014) by exploring how policy-centered research contributes to an understanding of urban politics and how the urban subfield contributes to a policy-centered research program. Using a bi-level analysis of the drug war and local union organizing, we highlight the local consequences of national policies and show that the consequences of national initiatives vary substantially, particularly for marginalized groups.
    Keywords: Public policy
    Date Uploaded: 02/12/2016
  7. Southern City, National Ambition: The Growth of Early Washington, D.C., 1800 - 1860 [Download]

    Title: Southern City, National Ambition: The Growth of Early Washington, D.C., 1800 - 1860
    Author: Corrigan, Mary Beth
    Description: This book and the associated exhibition are the culmination of a multi-year project to research and present the history of early Washington, D.C.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  8. Port Town to Urban Neighborhood: The Georgetown Waterfront of Washington, D.C. 1880-1920 [Download]

    Title: Port Town to Urban Neighborhood: The Georgetown Waterfront of Washington, D.C. 1880-1920
    Author: Smith, Kathryn Schneider
    Description: Originally an eighteenth-century Potomac River port town, Georgetown was included in the ten-mile square set aside for the federal capital in 1791. As the nineteenth century unfolded, Georgetown lost its political, social, and economic independence and became one of many neighborhoods in Washington, D.C. Today it is a prestigious and lively section of a thriving international metropolitan area. The Center for Washington Area Studies of The George Washington University has published historical studies of other sections of Washington, D.C., such as Adams Morgan, Brookland, and Foggy Bottom. But the Georgetown waterfront has begged for attention.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  9. Links in the Chain: Greenbelt, Maryland and the New Town Movement in America, GW Washinton Studies No. 13 [Download]

    Title: Links in the Chain: Greenbelt, Maryland and the New Town Movement in America, GW Washinton Studies No. 13
    Author: Klaus, Susan L.
    Description: The works compiled in this bibliography by Susan L. Klaus, the Center's Banneker Fellow in the 1985-1986 academic year, provide the information which can help the reader reconstruct the greenbelt tradition. Scholars and social critics have contributed a rich literature on the subject, and the Greenbelt fiftieth anniversary conference planned for May 1 and 2, 1987, should deepen our understanding and appreciation of the new towns movement both past and present. For the moment, however, in an age of voluntarism, it may just well be the experiences of Greenbelt residents which provides the most eloquent testimony that even utopian thinking can have its practical consequences in providing a better world to live in. The people of Greenbelt have extended and adapted to new times the spirit of another era, and on the eve of their anniversary celebration, we salute them for helping make the new town ideal a viable reality.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015
  10. Evidence of Community: Writing from The Jenny McKean Moore Workshops at George Washington University, GW Washington Studies No. 11 [Download]

    Title: Evidence of Community: Writing from The Jenny McKean Moore Workshops at George Washington University, GW Washington Studies No. 11
    Author: McAleavey, David
    Description: This anthology represents, in a highly selective way, that enormous interest in the writing of literature. Here are both fiction and poetry; the work of urbanites, sub-urbanites, and country dwellers; the work of blacks and whites, of young writers and retirees, of "amateurs" and "professionals", of a city manager and a former nurse.
    Keywords: Monograph
    Date Uploaded: 10/23/2015