Headcount measures of poverty are by far the most common tools for evaluating
poverty and gauging progress in global development goals. The headcount ratio, or
the prevalence of poverty, and the headcount, or the number of the poor, both convey
tangible information about poverty. But both ignore...
In the growth literature, evidence on income convergence is mixed. Inthe development literature, health and education indicators are also often used. This study examines whether health and education levels are converging across countries and calculates their convergence speed, using data from 100...
Michael Porter’s Competitive Advantage of Nations, though it is written from the perspective of the business school rather than the economics department, and is primarily focused on understanding
the distribution of leading positions in industries held by the advanced economies, is potentially...
This paper examines strategies developed by Mondragón Co-operative Corporation in the
Basque Region of Spain, and La Lega co-operative network in Italy, to mitigate
disadvantages of the typical co-operative organizational structure and market position but
without losing its critical advantages...
Comparing domestic- and foreign-owned firms in Germany, this paper finds that foreignowned
firms are more likely to focus on short-term profit. This influence is particularly strong
if the local managers of the German subsidiary are not sent from the foreign parent company.
Moreover, the physical...
Many poverty, safety net, training, and other social programs utilize multiple screening criteria
to determine eligibility. We apply recent advances in multidimensional measurement analysis
to develop a straightforward method for summarizing changes in groups of eligibility
In this paper, we examine major trends and potential for cooperatives in the context of four
prominent socio-economic issues: the lack of jobs, economic and social inequality,
educational mobility, and the priority need for innovations. We present recent data on the
amount and types of job...
This study addresses basic questions concerning the scope and structure of organizations working
in development and poverty activities. Under what conditions is work on many or few poverty
problems by a single organization warranted? Moreover, for a given organizational scope, how
many issues and...