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  1. Transnational Diffusion and Cooperation in the Middle East, POMEPS Studies 21 [Download]

    Title: Transnational Diffusion and Cooperation in the Middle East, POMEPS Studies 21
    Author: Lynch, Marc
    Description: The Arab world never seemed more unified than during the incandescent days of the 2011 Arab uprisings. Tunisia’s revolution clearly and powerfully inspired Arabs everywhere to take to the streets. Egypt’s January 25 uprising that led to the removal of Hosni Mubarak taught Arab citizens and leaders alike that victory by protestors could succeed. The subsequent wave of protests involved remarkable synergies that could not plausibly be explained without reference to transnational diffusion. Bahrainis, Yemenis and Jordanians alike attempted to replicate the seizure and long-term encampments in Egypt’s Tahrir Square and protestors across the Arab world chanted the same slogans and waved the same signs. But what happened in the months and years after those heady days? Did similar processes of diffusion and cross-national learning shape the post-uprisings era? Did autocratic regimes learn from one another in the same way that protestors did? In June, more than a dozen scholars came together in Hamburg, Germany for a workshop jointly organized by the Project on Middle East Political Science and the German Institute for Global Affairs. The workshop closely examined learning, diffusion and demonstration across autocratic regimes during the Arab counter-revolution. The papers for that workshop, available here as an open access PDF download, closely examine the ways in which Arab autocrats did – and did not – learn from one another. Similarities do not, in and of themselves, prove that diffusion or learning have actually taken place. As German scholars Thomas Richter and André Bank emphasize, not everything that looks like diffusion is necessarily so. Many policy responses may simply be obvious tactics available to any reasonably competent political actor, not innovations that had to be learned. Authoritarian regimes hardly needed to be taught to torture or jail their own people, strip citizenship from dissidents, monitor social media, clear the streets of protestors or censor the media. The contributors to this collection go considerably further than past studies have done to show how significant learning and diffusion did take place among Arab regimes in the years following the uprisings. Demonstrating diffusion and learning requires careful attention to timing and sequence. It also requires scrutiny of the mechanisms by which ideas are transmitted, whether passively as actors observe events in the media, or actively as agents make direct efforts to spread those ideas. While direct evidence of the thinking and interactions between secretive autocrats may be hard to gather, these scholars carefully trace the timing and sequencing of these processes to show where learning and diffusion mattered. Such careful scrutiny of local conditions and the precise mechanisms of diffusion introduces healthy skepticism into the research agenda, but it does not lead to the conclusion that no diffusion occurred. Today’s Arab world is profoundly shaped by forces promoting transnational interactions, from pervasive social media and satellite television to weakening states, refugee flows, cross-border military interventions. The authors in POMEPS Studies 21 Transnational Diffusion and Cooperation in the Middle East have decisively advanced our understanding of these processes of diffusion and learning in regional politics.
    Keywords: Middle East, North Africa, Political Science, International Relations, POMEPS Studies, Arab Uprisings
    Date Uploaded: 08/08/2017
  2. Using the Results from Rigorous National Evaluations to Inform Local Education Policy Decisions [Download]

    Title: Using the Results from Rigorous National Evaluations to Inform Local Education Policy Decisions
    Author: Orr, Larry L.
    Description: Increasingly, local education policymakers have access to evidence from published reports based on randomized control trials (RCTs) to inform decisions about whether to adopt an educational intervention. A key question is how well the published results from a multi-site RCT predict the potential consequences of adopting an intervention for each of the many local schools or districts that may consider adopting it. This paper offers a set of methods for quantifying the accuracy of the local predictions that can be obtained from multi-site RCTs, using available data from those RCTs, and for assessing the likelihood that prediction errors will lead to errors in local policy decisions. It also provides the first empirical evidence on the accuracy with which local impacts can be predicted from the evidence taken from published reports on RCTs in education.
    Keywords: Impact, Randomized trial, Evidence-based policy, Generalizability, External validity
    Date Uploaded: 07/26/2017
  3. Code and Ordinances Governing Librarians on Staff of the University Library [Download]

    Title: Code and Ordinances Governing Librarians on Staff of the University Library
    Author: George Washington University
    Description: Gelman Library Administration records (RG0119), Series 1, Box 3, Folder 6
    Keywords: Council of Librarians
    Date Uploaded: 06/30/2017
  4. Rethinking Empowerment: Evidence from Local Empowerment Zone Programs [Download]

    Title: Rethinking Empowerment: Evidence from Local Empowerment Zone Programs
    Author: Rich, Michael
    Description: The legacy of the federal government's Empowerment Zone initiative is contested. The evidence undergirding the initiative's legacy, however, is based primarily on models that estimate national effects. We use an alternative evaluation strategy that places greater emphasis on local Empowerment Zones as distinct programs. Our findings show that several cities did produce improvements that likely can be attributed to the EZ initiative. The results, however, are not consistent across outcomes or cities. Our findings suggest that what happens locally is a vital concern for federal urban policy and also informative for local communities with responsibility for crafting and executing revitalization strategies.
    Keywords: Politics, Governance, Urban poverty, Empowerment
    Date Uploaded: 05/08/2017
  5. Minutes: Faculty Senate: September 11, 2009 [Download]

    Title: Minutes: Faculty Senate: September 11, 2009
    Author: George Washington University. Faculty Senate.
    Description: From the Faculty Senate minutes binder for 2009-2010 academic year
    Keywords: Faculty Senate: 2009-2010 minutes, University publications, University Archives
    Date Uploaded: 01/31/2017
  6. Agent-Based Simulation Models of the College Sorting Process [Download]

    Title: Agent-Based Simulation Models of the College Sorting Process
    Author: Reardon, Sean
    Description: We explore how dynamic processes related to socioeconomic inequality operate to sort students into, and create stratification among, colleges. We use an agent-based model to simulate a stylized version of this sorting processes in order to explore how factors related to family resources might influence college application choices and college enrollment. We include two types of “agents”—students and colleges—to simulate a two-way matching process that iterates through three stages: application, admission, and enrollment. Within this model, we examine how five mechanisms linking students’ socioeconomic background to college sorting might influence socioeconomic stratification between colleges including relationships between student resources and: achievement; the quality of information used in the college selection process; the number of applications students submit; how students value college quality; and the students’ ability to enhance their apparent caliber. We find that the resources-achievement relationship explains much of the student sorting by resources but that other factors also have non-trivial influences.
    Keywords: Socioeconomic inequality, College sorting, College admission, College enrollment
    Date Uploaded: 02/26/2016