This paper constitutes the introductory essay for the special issue of Climate
Change Economics, edited by Malik and Smith, forthcoming in 2012, examining
adaptation to climate change in low-income countries. The paper first characterizes
different types of adaptations from an economic...
This paper examines strategies developed by Mondragón Co-operative Corporation in the
Basque Region of Spain, and La Lega co-operative network in Italy, to mitigate
disadvantages of the typical co-operative organizational structure and market position but
without losing its critical advantages...