This paper examines strategies developed by Mondragón Co-operative Corporation in the
Basque Region of Spain, and La Lega co-operative network in Italy, to mitigate
disadvantages of the typical co-operative organizational structure and market position but
without losing its critical advantages...
This paper constitutes the introductory essay for the special issue of Climate
Change Economics, edited by Malik and Smith, forthcoming in 2012, examining
adaptation to climate change in low-income countries. The paper first characterizes
different types of adaptations from an economic...