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  1. Supplementary Materials and Data for article "Children's Thinking about HIV/AIDS Causality, Prevention, and Social Interaction" (.zip file) [Download]

    Title: Supplementary Materials and Data for article "Children's Thinking about HIV/AIDS Causality, Prevention, and Social Interaction" (.zip file)
    Author: Sigelman, Carol
    Description: Supplementary materials in the attached .zip file for the article submitted to Journal of Child and Family Studies. Sigelman, C. K. (2018, in press): "Children’s thinking about HIV/AIDS causality, prevention, and social interaction." Article abstract: Guided by both a Piagetian and a naïve theories perspective on disease concepts, this study examined children’s thinking about HIV/AIDS, with special attention to its development, coherence, and sociocultural correlates. It examined age differences among Mexican-American and Euro-American children aged 8 to 13 (N = 158) in both Piagetian level of causal understanding (independent of correctness) and the causal knowledge central to an intuitive theory of AIDS (knowledge of risk behaviors and of the viral disease agent). It explored theoretical coherence in terms of implications of causal understanding and causal knowledge for knowledge of how to prevent AIDS and willingness to interact with people who have it. As predicted, scores on all measures increased significantly with age, and causal knowledge of risk factors exceeded knowledge of corresponding prevention rules. In multiple regression analyses, causal knowledge of both risk factors and the viral disease agent predicted knowledge of prevention and willingness to interact, even with age and other measures controlled. Prevention knowledge predicted willingness to interact even better, whereas the Piagetian measure of casual understanding did not predict either prevention knowledge or willingness to interact. Ethnic group differences were not evident but parent education was related to greater viral knowledge and willingness to interact. The results suggest a good deal of coherence in children’s thinking about this disease while also suggesting the desirability of making explicit the implications of critical causal information about an unfamiliar disease for preventing the disease without stigmatizing those who have it.
    Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Disease prevention, Causality, Child development, Supplementary materials
    Date Uploaded: 06/08/2018
  2. Stigmatizing Effects of Perceived Responsibility for Causing and Resolving One's Eating Disorder [Download]

    Title: Stigmatizing Effects of Perceived Responsibility for Causing and Resolving One's Eating Disorder
    Author: Porcelli, Sabrina
    Description: Individuals who have eating disorders or are obese experience stigmatization, which can lead to a variety of negative outcomes including further disordered eating and lower self-esteem (Puhl & Suh, 2015). Research on stigmatization of individuals with eating disorders and contributors to it is important to improve public understanding and enhance treatment effectiveness. In the present study, we examine perceptions of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and binge eating disorder (BED) in relation to views of a client's responsibility for having an eating disorder and for overcoming it. This study expands upon previous research, in which responsibility for solving one's problem is understudied. The goals of the study are: (1) to compare stigmatizing perceptions of young women with BED and AN, and (2) drawing on Brickman et al. (1982), to explore the implications for stigmatization of information presented by a therapist about, and participants' perceptions of, the client's personal responsibility for causing and resolving her eating disorder. We hypothesized that high responsibility for causing the disorder would have more negative implications than high responsibility for resolving it. Participants read a one-page vignette describing a female college student diagnosed with either AN or BED. One of five therapist assessments of the client was then presented: Low responsibility for cause/Low responsibility for solution, High responsibility for cause/low responsibility for solution, Low responsibility for cause/High responsibility for solution, High responsibility for cause/High responsibility for solution, and a Control/No further information condition. Scales measured perceived causality and responsibility, and multiple aspects of stigma. The client with BED was viewed as more personally responsible for causing her condition than the woman with AN; however, the woman with AN was viewed as more impaired or maladjusted, confirming previous research. Responsibility for causing one's eating disorder was found to have a greater impact on stigmatization than responsibility for resolving the disorder. This was especially clear when participants' perceptions of responsibility rather than manipulated responsibility were analyzed. Although the results confirm previous research in some respects, they leave open questions about the influence of responsibility for solving one's disorder on stigmatization.
    Keywords: Research Days 2017, Eating disorders, Anorexia, Binge eating disorder, Responsibility for cause, Responsibility for solution
    Date Uploaded: 04/26/2017