Skip to Content

Search

You searched for: Author Dudley, Susan E. Remove constraint Author: Dudley, Susan E.

Search Results

  1. Regulatory Consultation in the United States [Download]

    Title: Regulatory Consultation in the United States
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: This paper provides an overview of the U.S. regulatory process to facilitate discussion of stakeholder consultation at the joint Bertelsmann Stiftung and George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center workshop on December 1, 2010. U.S. procedures for developing regulations derive from the U.S. Constitution and the 1946 Administrative Procedure Act (APA). While more recent laws and executive orders provide for additional analytical requirements, review, and consultation, the APA has guided the regulatory process and the role for the public for almost 65 years. This paper summarizes the Constitutional framework and the APA requirements, and then reviews the stages of rulemaking and the role for public consultation at each stage.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper , Public Consultation, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies
    Date Uploaded: 12/14/2017
  2. Improving Regulatory Accountability: Lessons from the Past and Prospects for the Future [Download]

    Title: Improving Regulatory Accountability: Lessons from the Past and Prospects for the Future
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: This article examines efforts by the three branches of federal government to oversee regulatory policy and procedures. It begins with a review of efforts over the last century to establish appropriate checks and balances on regulations issued by the executive branch, and then evaluates current regulatory reforms that would hold the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch more accountable for regulations and their outcomes.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/14/2017
  3. Achieving Regulatory Policy Objectives: An Overview and Comparison of U.S. and EU Procedures [Download]

    Title: Achieving Regulatory Policy Objectives: An Overview and Comparison of U.S. and EU Procedures
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: This paper aims to provide a descriptive analysis of procedural differences in regulatory development between the United States and the European Union to serve as a factual basis for understanding the regulatory challenges and opportunities for transatlantic trade. It summarizes regulatory procedures in each jurisdiction, dividing the process for establishing regulations into four stages: 1) agenda setting, 2) regulatory development, 3) final determination and opportunities for challenge, and 4) implementation and enforcement. After presenting the procedures in the U.S. and EU, the paper compares how the shared goals for achieving a regulatory system that is evidence based, transparent, and accountable are achieved in the two jurisdictions.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, United States, European Union
    Date Uploaded: 12/14/2017
  4. Can Fiscal Budget Concepts Improve Regulation? [Download]

    Title: Can Fiscal Budget Concepts Improve Regulation?
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: Despite efforts to ensure that new regulations provide net benefits to citizens, the accumulation of regulations threatens economic growth and well-being. As a result, the U.S. legislature is exploring the possibility that applying fiscal budgeting concepts to regulation could bring more accountability and transparency to the regulatory process. This paper examines the advantages and challenges of applying regulatory budgeting practices, and draws some preliminary conclusions based on successful experiences in other countries.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Fiscal Budget, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/14/2017
  5. Regulatory Science and Policy: A Case Study of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards [Download]

    Title: Regulatory Science and Policy: A Case Study of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: When it comes to environmental regulation, no one is immune to the temptation to put a spin on science to advance a policy goal. While the media will decry the politicization of science – when political decision-makers attempt to distort what scientific studies conclude, problems also arise when scientists and others attempt to exert influence on policy decisions by selectively presenting, or even distorting, scientific findings (scientization of policy). This paper focuses on the scientization of policy, and defines and examines two contributors: the “positive-normative fallacy” (not acknowledging that science alone is insufficient to resolve normative policy questions) and “hidden policy judgments” (not acknowledging the policy judgments inherent in assessments of risk). It examines the process by which the Environmental Protection Agency sets National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) under the Clean Air Act to illustrate some of the perverse incentives involved in developing regulations, and offers possible mechanisms to improve those incentives and resulting policy.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Environmental Policy, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/14/2017
  6. Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Competition: Recommendations for Implementing Executive Order 13725 [Download]

    Title: Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Competition: Recommendations for Implementing Executive Order 13725
    Author: Miller, Sofie E.
    Description: Since the formation of the U.S. federal regulatory system, regulations have had a significant influence on marketplace competition. Regulations often seek to improve competition by restraining monopolies; others tend to reduce competition by establishing one-size-fits-all standards for consumer products or acting as nontariff barriers limiting competition from foreign trade partners. Recognizing the importance of this relationship, on April 15th President Barack Obama signed an Executive Order instructing federal agencies to identify and address barriers to competition. This Executive Order provides agencies with a valuable opportunity to reevaluate existing rules that create barriers to competition.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/12/2017
  7. Ten Regulatory Process Reforms President-Elect Trump Could Undertake [Download]

    Title: Ten Regulatory Process Reforms President-Elect Trump Could Undertake
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: President-elect Trump has promised to “reform the entire regulatory code to ensure that we keep jobs and wealth in America.”To that end, scholars at the George Washington University Regulatory Studies Center offer a list of 10 reforms to regulatory processes that could be accomplished through executive action. While other potential reforms could be achieved through the courts or by working with congress, these reforms focus on actions that are within the purview of the executive branch.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Politics, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  8. The Next Regulatory Czar [Download]

    Title: The Next Regulatory Czar
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: To accomplish his promised overhaul of the U.S. regulatory system, President Trump will need the help of a small office that most people outside of Washington have never heard of. The Office of Information & Regulatory Affairs (OIRA, pronounced Oh-Eye-Ruh), established in 1980, oversees the regulatory, information collection, and statistical activities of federal executive branch agencies. Like its budget counterparts in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), it provides the president with a tool to check agencies’ natural proclivity to want more (whether it’s more budget resources or more regulatory authority). As President Trump prepares to announce his nominee to be OIRA administrator, this Regulatory Insight provides an inside look at the functions of this important office, its origins and procedures, and why some (including this author) say the job of OIRA administrator is the best job in Washington.
    Keywords: Regulation, Working Paper, Politics, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  9. Retrospective evaluation of chemical regulations [Download]

    Title: Retrospective evaluation of chemical regulations
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: OECD countries rely on regulatory tools to manage potential risks from exposure to targeted chemicals. Ex-ante regulatory impact assessment has a long tradition in many OECD countries, with established analytical steps and oversight as well as opportunities for public engagement to hold governments accountable for conducting analysis before regulations are issued. But ex-ante analyses necessarily depend on unverifiable assumptions and models of how the world would look absent the regulation, and how responses to regulatory requirements will alter those conditions. In essence, ex-ante analyses are hypotheses of the effects of regulatory actions.
    Keywords: Regulation , Chemical risk, Regulatory studies, Evaluation, Environment, Benefit-cost analysis, Public Policy
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017
  10. Improving Regulatory Science: A Case Study of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards [Download]

    Title: Improving Regulatory Science: A Case Study of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards
    Author: Dudley, Susan E.
    Description: This paper explores the motivations and institutional incentives of participants involved in the development of regulation aimed at reducing health risks, with a goal of understanding and identifying solutions to what the Bipartisan Policy Center has characterized as “a tendency to frame regulatory issues as debates solely about science, regardless of the actual subject in dispute, [that] is at the root of the stalemate and acrimony all too present in the regulatory system today.” We focus our analysis with a case study of the procedures for developing National Ambient Air Quality Standards under the Clean Air Act, and attempt to identify procedural approaches that bring greater diversity (in data, expertise, experience, and accountability) into the decision process.
    Keywords: Regulation , Working Paper, Public Interest, Public Policy, Regulatory Studies, Regulatory Policy, Environment, Public Health
    Date Uploaded: 12/05/2017